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Description of the Lasunok potato variety, its characteristics and yield

Description of the Lasunok potato variety, its characteristics and yield



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For more than 25 years, Lasunok potatoes have been pleasing the inhabitants of Russia with their taste and productivity. The Belarusian variety has been kept in the list of favorites for such a long time due to its indisputable advantages, the main of which are excellent taste, unpretentiousness, the ability to grow in different climatic conditions. With the minimum participation of a gardener, a plot of one hectare is capable of producing 60 tons of potatoes.

Description of the variety

Lasunok belongs to the middle late varieties, as it ripens in 90–120 days from the moment of emergence.

Tall, erect bushes with powerful roots are covered with large leaves with a hard down, which is not to the liking of the voracious Colorado beetle. Long flowering, voluminous white flowers.

Light creamy, oval roots with a mesh skin, with an average weight of 200 g, have light flesh and small, deepened eyes. The friability of potatoes during cooking is due to the starch content of 22%. The amount of potassium is sufficient to maintain heart function, water balance in the body and normalize metabolism.

Due to its pleasant delicate taste with a creamy hue, the variety is suitable for baby food, making mashed potatoes, first courses, casseroles, vegetable stews, chips, fries, starch. It is often used as a component of a mixture of frozen vegetables, after defrosting it retains its properties.

The description of the variety contains one feature - even when planting with a scheme of 70x40 cm, the bushes are tightly closed. This has a detrimental effect on weeds and retains moisture in the soil. One plant forms up to 15 tubers, up to 60 tons of selected potatoes are obtained from one hectare.

Growing

The place for planting the Lasunok variety should be slightly shaded. The type of soil is not critical, however, the surface must be flat. Ridge planting is recommended in heavy soils. First, loosening, moistening, weeding is carried out. The best predecessors for growing Lasunok potatoes are legumes, cereals and winter crops.

Germination of seeds is carried out at a temperature of + 5-7 ° C for several days. Large tubers are divided into several parts, taking into account the location of the eyes and seedlings.

The characteristics of Lasunok potatoes dictate planting in well-heated soil: in April or May. The exact dates depend on the region of residence. The potatoes are planted according to the scheme 70x40 cm. Sand is poured at the bottom of the hole, then humus is spread, watered with a weak solution of manganese and sprinkled with wood ash. Seeds are planted no deeper than 10 cm.

Care features

Measures for the care of Lasunok potatoes are reduced to moderate, infrequent watering, weed control and hilling ridges. Tuber crops do not need water in the first week after planting - excess moisture disrupts root formation. When the seedlings reach a height of 10 cm, they are hilled to a depth of 12 cm. During the growing season, complex mineral fertilizers with a moderate content of phosphorus and potassium are applied. Adding urea or mullein is encouraged. An excess of potash fertilizers with the inclusion of chlorine reduces starchiness, autumn growth of tubers and yield.

Advantages and disadvantages

The advantages of the Lasunok variety are:

  • High productivity.
  • Excellent taste indicators.
  • Immunity to the Colorado potato beetle.
  • Resistance to late blight, nematode, potato crayfish, verticillium wilting, rhizoctonia, viral diseases.
  • Universal use of tubers.

Cons of the variety:

  • A short dormant period - cold storage is shown for Lasunok potatoes (at t + 7 ° C).
  • Poorly tolerates heat, drought. Lack of watering reduces yields.
  • Delicate structure of the pulp. For lovers of crumbly dishes, such a characteristic will be a plus, but admirers of a crispy crust are better off turning to a different kind of potato.

Pests and diseases

Due to its special immunity, Lasunka potatoes do not need additional protection against major diseases and pests. You just need to monitor the cleanliness of the soil, avoiding microbial or fungal infections. Potato bushes have maximum resistance to cancer, late blight, verticillium wilt, black leg, common scab, nematode.

The wireworm (nutcracker beetle larva) harms the potato crop. It is also dangerous for seed and sprouts. The larva of the insect pest lives in the soil for four years, therefore, at the first detected root crops with signs of damage, soil treatment and measures to protect the seeds are carried out. You can use folk methods:

  • By introducing onion husks, mustard powder, needles of coniferous trees or a solution of potassium permanganate into the hole when planting potatoes.
  • By sowing siderates such as peas, mustard or phacelia.
  • Reducing the acidity of the soil using wood ash, legumes, crushed eggshells.

The following procedures will help reduce the wireworm population:

  • Compliance with crop rotation.
  • Autumn and spring digging of the site.
  • Active fight against wheatgrass - the habitat of pests.
  • Destruction of tops and debris left in the field after harvesting potatoes.
  • Planting legumes nearby.

Harvesting and storage

Digging of Lasunok potatoes begins at the end of August and ends in mid-September. Both manual and mechanical harvesting methods are suitable. Only potatoes dried for several hours in the open air are sent for storage. After that, the roots are sorted out in order to get rid of the affected specimens, and healthy fruits are laid in a cool basement or cellar.

The storage of Lasunka potatoes takes place in wooden boxes, nets or bulk bins. In the room, it is important to maintain a temperature regime of + 1–2 ° C with humidity up to 80%. Subject to the proposed rules, the potato harvest is maintained until spring.

Novice gardeners and people who do not have enough time to thoroughly care for vegetables will appreciate the Lasunok potato variety. This unpretentious, high-yielding, large-fruited and tasty potato from Belarus will delight Russians for more than a decade.


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