We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
Often the apple tree does not survive the harsh winter, it dies. Especially for cold regions, breeders have bred frost-resistant varieties. An apple tree called Antey, grown by Belarusian specialists, is intended for growing in unfavorable weather conditions. Further information on the pros and cons of the variety, the main characteristics, planting trees, caring for the crop.
The history of breeding the culture of Antey
The variety was bred by Belarusian specialists. They crossed the Belarusian raspberry apple tree and a hybrid obtained from crossing the varieties Newton and Babushkino. The hatched culture is characterized by an increased degree of winter hardiness.
Pros and cons of the variety
The positive qualities of the Antey apple tree include the following characteristics:
- good frost resistance;
- early maturity;
- lack of frequency of fruiting;
- high taste of fruits;
- long keeping quality;
- good transportability.
The negative qualities of the culture include insufficient resistance to fungal diseases.
Tree sizes and lifespan
The description says that the Antey apple tree reaches a height of 2.5-3 meters. A pyramidal or rounded crown spreads over a width of 3 meters. The tree is able to grow and bear fruit for 35 years.
The culture belongs to late winter varieties. Begins to bear fruit actively in the 5th year of life.
The variety has good winter hardiness. Trees are able to withstand temperatures of -30 ° C without shelter. Therefore, the Antey apple tree can be planted in a harsh climate.
Disease resistance is average. Under unfavorable conditions, the culture can be affected by the fungus. For prevention, trees are sprayed several times per season with fungicides.
Zoning apple trees
The variety is characterized as having high frost resistance. Therefore, it can be grown in many regions, even in areas with harsh climates.
All about the harvest
Fruits grow to a size of 160-210 grams. The skin is colored green, there is a blurred blush on the sides. The purpose of the fruit is universal.
Antey's apple tree is self-fertile. Therefore, pollinating trees need to be planted next to it. For this, the following varieties of apple trees are selected: Pepin saffron, Anise, Autumn striped, Welsey.
The beginning of fruiting
The culture is distinguished by its early maturity. The first crop can be harvested as early as 2-3 years after planting the tree. The culture grows during this period 5-10 kilograms of delicious fruits.
The timing of flowering and ripening of apples
The apple tree blooms from mid-May. The petals are white and pink. Fruits ripen in mid-September. The consumer ripeness of the late winter variety begins in December.
Collection and storage
Harvested from the end of September. The fruits have good keeping quality. Store apples in a cool, dry place. If stored correctly, the grower will be able to consume the fruit until April or May.
Fruit tasting evaluation
The fruit tastes sweet and sour. They contain a large amount of vitamins and minerals. The pulp is juicy, crispy, with a candy aroma. Tasting score - 4.7 points out of 5 possible.
How to plant and grow a tree in the garden
The apple tree is able to grow and bear fruit for about 35 years, so you need to properly carry out agrotechnical measures.
Features of planting a seedling
They start planting in spring or autumn. The place is selected sunny, with a low level of groundwater. Trees acquire healthy, without signs of disease and pests. The root system of the seedlings is placed in a bucket of water for 1-2 hours.
Soil and hole preparation
The hole is dug 2 weeks before planting. Drainage is laid out at the bottom. The next layer is soil mixed with mineral fertilizers. Then the hole is filled with fertile soil.
A hole is dug 80 × 80 centimeters in size, filled with fertile soil. The root system of the tree is straightened, set in the middle of the hole. The seedling is covered with earth along the root collar. A peg is placed next to it, to which the plant is tied.
Care for a young and adult apple tree
Care consists in timely watering, feeding, loosening the soil, treating diseases and pests, forming a crown.
How to feed and water
In the spring, nitrogen is introduced into the root circle. After flowering and during the period of fruit formation, the trees are fed with a complex mineral fertilizer. The apple tree is watered abundantly only when planting.
Note! In the future, the land under the trees is irrigated only if it does not rain for a long time.
What and when to process
For preventive purposes, as well as when signs of fungal diseases appear, the apple tree is sprayed with a fungicide. If pests are found, trees are treated with an insecticide.
Formation of the correct crown
The procedure is carried out to increase the yield of the crop. When pruning, skeletal shoots are arranged in tiers.
It should be borne in mind that the central trunk should be higher than the rest of the branches.
Loosening the soil
To prevent the appearance of a crust, the soil in the root circle is loosened. This removes weeds that contribute to the appearance of pests and pathogenic microorganisms on the apple tree. To preserve moisture in the soil, the trunk circle is mulched.
Antey's apple tree hibernates safely without shelter. In October, the land around the tree is watered abundantly. Then sprinkle with a layer of mulching material. To protect it from rodents, the barrel is wrapped in a non-woven material.
Subspecies and variants
Antey is grafted on different rootstocks. As a result, subspecies with different characteristics are obtained.
On a dwarf rootstock
An apple tree 62-396 is used as a stock. The grown trees reach a height of 2 meters, which makes harvesting easier. Low-growing crop care is standard.
When grafted onto a columnar rootstock, the tree grows without skeletal branches. This option is suitable for growing crops in a small area. A short apple tree is easy to harvest.