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There is an intensive development of sheep breeding in the world, which is not surprising. The industry's products are diverse: dairy and meat products, wool. For the breeding of the popular Georgian sheep breeds, a distant pasture system and stationary or semi-stationary are used. To increase the breed productivity, zoning schemes are used, the condition of pastures is improved.
Georgian sheep breeds
To preserve the purity of Georgian sheep breeds, avoiding their crossing with other breeds - this is the way of raising small ruminants is chosen by the Georgian government. Three breeds are popular with farmers: Imeretian, Tushino and fine-wooled fatty-tailed. Official Tbilisi plans to adhere to the developed veterinary standards, since the Georgian breeds show good productive qualities.
For a long time, Georgian breeders have been working on breeding sheep breeds adapted to difficult growing conditions. The animals are accustomed to mountain and pasture maintenance, poor grazing.
Zarechny Maxim Valerievich
Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.
Livestock also withstands long hauls well, since winter pastures are located in the semi-desert steppe zone, and summer pastures are in subalpine mountain zones (approximate height - 1.8-3.1 km above sea level).
Which one is better to choose?
When choosing, you need to take into account several factors: productivity, features of the content. Each breed has both pros and cons, which are reflected in the table.
|Breed name||Distinctive qualities||pros||Minuses|
|Fine-wooled fat-tailed||rams gain weight up to 119 kg, and uterus - up to 96 kg. Exterior features: strong bones, well-developed musculature forms a trunk with wide withers and chest. The limbs are strong and well positioned. White wool grows in length of 8-12 cm, fineness 60-64, used for the manufacture of lint-free smooth material||develops well in mountain conditions, has a stable immunity, the yield of pure wool is 47-54%.||low clipping, 6 insufficiently equalized in thickness, low live weight in comparison with other breeds|
|Tushinskaya||cattle gains a small mass: rams weigh 65-70 kg, uterus - 35-45. Thanks to a strong skeleton, animals can easily overcome long distances. Shiny elastic wool grows 12-25 cm long and is used to create carpets and fleece. Milk is processed into a variety of dairy products (feta cheese, cottage cheese, cheese)||endurance, the possibility of year-round keeping in pastures, high-quality meat of young animals does not have a characteristic odor||low fertility, suitable for breeding in mountainous terrain|
|Imeretinskaya||animals are small in size: rams grow at the withers with a height of 48-55 cm, gain weight 22-36 kg, uterus weigh 20-29 kg. Body features: high strong legs, small torso, short neck. Thick white wool grows 12-16 cm long, has a silky sheen and is suitable for making cloth, handmade felt products||fertility (females come to hunt at any time of the year), a high rate of hair shearing||the main disadvantage is a low milk content|
The listed breeds are the most popular. In the conditions of small farms, small cattle of other breeds are bred: southern meat, Georgian.
Features of the content
The relief of Georgia is very diverse. Based on the characteristics of the area, rules for the maintenance of small ruminants are formed. In the mountainous regions, they are engaged in distant pasture breeding mainly of the Tushino sheep. In Georgia, this is the main way of keeping small ruminants. The animals are driven to mountain pastures in spring and to low-lying ones in autumn.
The haul distance is 10-500 km. The cattle is unpretentious in feed, keeping conditions, adapted to the harsh highlands.
In the conditions of stationary and semi-stationary sheep breeding, fine-fleece fat-tailed and Imeretian sheep are bred. Animals are kept in specially equipped rooms, divided into separate stalls. In good weather (summer and winter), the sheep are kept in open areas. The transition from a winter diet to a green one (grazing on pastures) is carried out gradually.
When choosing a content, in addition to the breed, climatic features of the area, agricultural technology of land plots are also taken into account. The conditions for raising and keeping livestock are important for increasing productivity. An increase in the yield of dairy, meat, and wool products directly depends on compliance with the requirements for keeping individuals. You also need to adhere to the feeding and grazing schedules, seasonal runs.