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The best varieties of eggplant for greenhouses and open ground in the Leningrad region with a description

The best varieties of eggplant for greenhouses and open ground in the Leningrad region with a description


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Cultivation of a culture is a laborious process, since plants are often capricious. There are certain characteristics of cultivation in different areas. For the convenience of summer residents, breeders develop varieties and hybrids that are adapted and grow in the climatic conditions of a particular region. What varieties of eggplants are suitable for the Leningrad Region? Vegetable growers from the region are asking this question.

The best varieties of eggplant for the Leningrad region

Summer residents from this region are looking for varieties that are suitable for growing in the region of residence. And producers are developing new species that are resistant to climate change and all other growing conditions typical for the region. This makes it easier to select a variety. The summer resident no longer acts by trial and error, choosing from the assortment provided.

Experienced vegetable growers advise residents of the Leningrad Region to grow eggplants in a greenhouse. It is not necessary to purchase expensive greenhouses. It is enough to use a do-it-yourself greenhouse made of arcs and polyethylene.

In the open field, the plants do not have time to ripen. It is also recommended to use the seedling growing method. So it is more likely to get the required crop.

Ping Pong F1

An interesting and unusual hybrid of eggplant. A distinctive feature is the white color of the fruit and the shape of the vegetable. The characteristics of the plant will help to understand whether a similar variety is needed in the arsenal or not.

Bush:

  • low - 60-70 cm;
  • mid-season, ripens in 100-110 days;
  • there are thorns on the green leaves;
  • blooms white.

Vegetable:

  • spherical;
  • weighing 190-250 g;
  • the flesh is white, tender, does not have the characteristic bitterness of the culture;
  • skin color: white or beige.

When growing the Ping Pong species, you don't have to do anything special. Eggplant care is the same as for other brethren. Timely watering, weeding, loosening and feeding.

When grown in seedlings, they are transferred into the ground at the age of 2-2.5 months. Water as needed, without flooding or letting dry.

Pelican F1

Not a bad variety for growing in the Leningrad region. It is characterized by resistance to diseases and unfavorable climatic conditions.

Bush:

  • height: 100-120 cm;
  • the stem is powerful;
  • ripens within 115-120 days;
  • yield: 1.5-2 kg from 1 m2.

Vegetable:

  • shape: saber;
  • White color;
  • weight: 200-250 g;
  • length: 15-18 cm;
  • diameter: 4-6 cm;
  • pulp: tender, without bitterness.

They are grown in seedlings, in greenhouses and in the open field. When planting in a permanent place, 4 plants are planted per 1 m2.

Swan F1

A common variety among summer residents, as it is an unpretentious and undemanding hybrid. It is characterized by resistance to temperature changes and high field health.

Bush:

  • height: 50-70 cm;
  • compact;
  • ripens within 105-115 days;
  • yield 18 kg from 1 m2.

Vegetable:

  • cylindrical;
  • white;
  • weighing up to 250 g;
  • in length 18-20 cm;
  • diameter 5-7 cm;
  • the pulp is white, without bitterness;
  • stored for a long time.

Swan eggplants are used for any cooking method, and they are also useful for the human body.

Lilac Mist F1

The choice of a variety for growing is a personal matter for each grower. They are chosen mainly based on the characteristics of the vegetable and the positive properties of the eggplant.

Bush:

  • height 60 cm;
  • the stem is strongly pubescent;
  • leaves without chipping, green;
  • ripens in 105-115 days.

Vegetable:

  • oblong or oval shape;
  • weight: 150-200 g;
  • color: lilac;
  • pulp: tender, without bitterness;
  • stored for a long time.

Of the diseases, it is immune to bacterial rot. It is versatile in cultivation, as it is adapted to any climatic conditions.

The downside of the hybrid is that it is afraid of frost.

Piggy

The characteristics of the variety show that the variety is immune to changing weather conditions.

Bush:

  • Height 50 cm.
  • The stem is powerful.
  • Ripens within 115-125 days.
  • Productivity: 1.5-2 kg per bush.

Vegetable:

  • Oval shape.
  • The color is white-pink.
  • Weight 200 g.
  • The taste is typical of the culture, without bitterness.
  • Stored for 1 month without losing the presentation.

Connoisseurs of unusual fruit color will love the Piggy eggplant variety.

Lolita F1

High-yielding eggplant variety, resistant to unfavorable growing conditions.

Bush:

  • height 70-80 cm;
  • semi-spreading;
  • medium leafy;
  • pubescence is average;
  • there are rare thorns;
  • leaves are green, oval;
  • the flowers are purple;
  • yield 15 kg from 1 m2;
  • ripens within 110-115 days.

Vegetable:

  • oval;
  • weighing up to 300 g;
  • length reaches 25 cm;
  • greenish pulp without bitterness;
  • stored for several months.

Requires treatment from disease and pest control. Summer residents use the vegetable for cooking and all types of winter preparations.

Hippo F1

This hybrid is grown by summer residents, because if all the requirements for agricultural technology are met, it gives a high yield.

Bush:

  • up to 1.5 m high;
  • the stem is slightly pubescent;
  • oval leaves, green;
  • ripens in 110-115 days.

Vegetable:

  • pear-shaped;
  • weighing up to 350 g;
  • length 18 cm;
  • diameter 8 cm;
  • deep purple color;
  • glossy surface;
  • yellowish pulp
  • taste characteristic of a vegetable, without bitterness;
  • stored for 1-2 months.

Timely treatment is required from diseases and attacks of insect pests.

Bagheera F1

Another hybrid recommended for cultivation in the Leningrad Region. It is characterized by summer residents as a type of eggplant that is resistant to temperature extremes and changing climatic conditions.

Bush:

  • height: 70-120 cm;
  • the stem is powerful;
  • leaves are green;
  • the flowers are purple;
  • there are no thorns on the plant;
  • yield from 1 plant to 3 kg;
  • ripens 95-105 days after germination.

Vegetable:

  • elongated oval shape;
  • weight: 250-300 g;
  • length reaches 20 cm;
  • diameter up to 8 cm;
  • the color is dark purple;
  • the pulp is greenish;
  • slightly bitter taste;
  • stored for a long time.

Bagheera is immune to common cultural diseases. Therefore, no special processing is required.

Nutcracker F1

The characteristic of the vegetable shows the growing popularity of this hybrid among summer residents. It is in demand due to the fact that it is versatile in use and gives a large yield.

Bush:

  • height: 1-1.5 m;
  • semi-spreading;
  • medium leafy;
  • leaves are dark green, almost round;
  • bears fruit for a long time, forms many ovaries;
  • ripens within 95-115 days;
  • yield from 1 plant 5-8 kg, from 1 m2 20-22 kg.

Vegetable:

  • spherical or pear-shaped;
  • weight 250 g;
  • length 14-16 cm;
  • taste without bitterness;
  • perfectly stored, keeping the presentation.

Used for any application of the vegetable.

Maxik F1

They are in demand among summer residents due to the fact that they easily tolerate temperature changes and are resistant to cucumber mosaics.

Bush:

  • 90 cm high;
  • compact;
  • slightly pubescent;
  • the leaves are small, green;
  • ripens within 100 days;
  • yield 10 kg from 1 m2.

Vegetable:

  • cylindrical;
  • weighing up to 250 g;
  • dark purple in color;
  • the pulp is greenish, without bitterness;
  • stored for a long time.

Treatment for insect pests is required.

Diamond

Familiar to all summer residents, without exception. One of the oldest varieties, still popular today.

Bush:

  • height 55 cm;
  • compact;
  • green leaves;
  • the flowers are purple;
  • yield 8 kg from 1 m2;
  • ripens in 110-115 days.

Vegetable:

  • oblong shape;
  • weighing up to 300 g;
  • the pulp is greenish;
  • characteristic taste, with bitterness;
  • stored for 1 month with preservation of the presentation.

Almaz eggplants are a variety, so you can collect planting material yourself.

Black handsome

Another variety that can bear fruit in unfavorable climatic conditions. In addition, it has a high immunity.

Plant:

  • height 40-55 cm;
  • branched;
  • yield 3 kg from 1 bush;
  • ripens within 120-140 days, in a greenhouse for 105-125 days.

Vegetable:

  • elliptical shape;
  • weight 200-300 g;
  • length 13-15 cm;
  • diameter 11-12 cm;
  • glossy surface;
  • the color is dark purple;
  • the pulp is beige;
  • taste characteristic of culture, without bitterness;
  • stored for a long time, retains its presentation.

Compliance with the rules and requirements of agricultural technology will allow you to get the declared yield.

Growing eggplants

In the Leningrad Region, planting of eggplants is carried out only by seedlings. It is advisable to plant the crop in a greenhouse. So it is more likely to get the harvest on time and in full.

In the greenhouse

You don't have to buy expensive greenhouses to grow a crop. Self-made from polyethylene and arcs will allow you to get a good harvest.

Seeds for seedlings are planted in the last decade of February. It is advisable to sow in separate containers, since the culture does not like diving.

They are transferred to the greenhouse in mid-May, until the buds appear on the plants. For this, high, 60 cm, beds are formed. Be sure to add humus and mineral fertilizers to improve the nutritional value of the earth. 4-6 plants are planted per 1 m2.

In the open field

Experts do not recommend growing outdoors. Because the warm period is short, and the culture does not have time to ripen. It is enough to allocate a little space for a couple of bushes in a common greenhouse.

Care

The amount of the harvested crop depends on proper care. Eggplants do not tolerate waterlogging and drought. Therefore, they need to be watered on time and in moderation.

The number of waterings depends on weather conditions, in hot weather 2-3 times a week, if the temperature is low, then 1-2 times within 7 days.

The greenhouse needs to be ventilated to create the right microclimate. Experts say eggplants need sunlight. Therefore, in the greenhouse on sunny days, the polyethylene is removed and left for a day.

Loosening the beds will provide the root system with the required amount of oxygen. Plants are spud 3-2 times during the growing season.

The formation of bushes depends on the selected variety. Remove all stepsons below the first fork and those located next to the ovary.

Diseases and pests

The disease in eggplant depends on the variety; many hybrids are immune to common crop diseases. Plants suffer from:

  • phytophthora;
  • top rot;
  • dry rot;
  • verticellous wilting.

As for pests, the main attack is the Colorado potato beetle. Timely insect control is required. They use folk methods of struggle or treatment with chemicals. If the site is small, collect the beetle by hand. It is recommended to use methods without the use of chemicals, because it settles in vegetables.

It is possible to grow eggplants in the Leningrad region, only it is better to do it in a greenhouse. This makes it more likely to get a good harvest.


Watch the video: Johnnys Greenhouse Eggplants (July 2022).


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