Details on breeding ducks without loss, at home for beginners

Details on breeding ducks without loss, at home for beginners

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Breeding and keeping ducks is a profitable business. These birds are bred for meat and eggs. In addition, farmers use duck feathers and down, as well as dung to fertilize their backyards. Beginners are attracted by the lack of difficulties in leaving and the small territory that a duck flock requires. However, to get the most out of your birds, you need to know the basic nuances of growing.

Breeding selection rules

Before you start organizing a farm, you need to choose a breed of poultry, and for this, the farmer first needs to understand what he wants to get from the ducks. If meat is a priority, then it is recommended to raise meat-type birds, if eggs - you need to pay attention to egg breeds.

Today, farmers consider the following as popular breeds of domestic ducks:

  • Bashkir duck;
  • Peking duck;
  • mulard;
  • Indoor;
  • gray Ukrainian duck;
  • khaki campbell;
  • kayugu;
  • Saxon duck;
  • Indian runner.

In Russia, they prefer to breed ducks of meat or meat and egg direction. Egg-breeding ducks are not very profitable, since their egg production is inferior to that of chickens.

Beginners are advised to start with traditional, low maintenance duck breeds. The Peking breed will be a good choice, since it is early ripening, unpretentious to feed, will tolerate the absence of a reservoir, and it feels good in hot and cold conditions. That is, this breed of ducks will forgive the beginner for some errors in the content. However, putting a female in a nest and waiting for a high egg production is not worth it: the Peking duck is an unscrupulous hen.

Breeding ducklings with a brood hen

There are several ways to raise ducklings, one of which is with the help of a brood hen. For these purposes, choose a turkey, chicken or duck. The number of eggs depends on the season. The maximum number in the summer is 15 pieces, in the spring - up to 12 pieces.

The owner should, first of all, arrange a nest for the duck. This will require straw, the presence of feathers, but the bird will take care of this element itself. Eggs should not roll out of the nest, so it is better to make it with small sides. The location is a darkened area of ​​the poultry house. If possible, the nesting areas should be fenced off with light material so that other birds do not disturb the brood hen.

The first brood of chicks should appear 27-28 days after the start of hatching. As soon as the ducklings are born, the farmer needs to transplant them into a separate box. If the weather is cool, then an additional source of heat and light will be required. The optimum temperature for babies is 30 ° C. Sometimes the ducklings are returned to the brood hen, but in this case it is important to make sure that the duck accepts all the chicks.

Raising birds in an incubator at home for beginners

Experienced farmers choose to breed ducklings in an incubator, because in this case, you do not have to be tied to the season. In addition, the device allows you to get offspring without loss. Modern incubators are equipped with a variety of options, for example, automatic egg turning after a certain period of time, maintaining humidity and a special temperature regime, as well as opening the lid for short-term ventilation and removing accumulated gases inside the device.

The farmer makes every effort and knowledge to select the eggs. It is important to choose eggs without damage or contamination. Check the condition of the yolk and air chamber, which should be placed below. With the help of an ovoscope, it is necessary to clarify fertility. On the 10th day of being in the incubator, it is necessary to check the eggs for the presence of embryos.

To obtain chicks, a humidity of 55-60% and a temperature of 37.8 to 38.2 ° C will be required, depending on the day of laying. Sudden changes in temperature conditions are unacceptable. After the chicks appear, you need to transplant them into a box or wooden box, providing them with additional heat and light. It is also important to keep the inside of the box dry.

Feeding from the first days of life

Newcomers to the poultry industry should be aware that the health of the bird and subsequent productivity depend on proper feeding. The first week after chick hatching is the most difficult. They should be fed up to 8 times a day. The first meal should be in the early morning, the last before nightfall.

The diet of daily ducklings should include cottage cheese, yogurt, chopped boiled eggs, porridge. Drinking bowls with clean water for birds should be placed near the feeders.

5-7 days after the birth of the ducklings, a small amount of ground corn or wheat skins can be added to their diet. Further, dairy products should be replaced by fresh chopped herbs. The owners try to give the chicks duckweed in unlimited quantities, since the babies grow quickly from it.

For proper maintenance and breeding, subsequent productivity, diet is of great importance. The health of the bird, first of all, depends on it.

Care for the younger generation

Caring for newborns involves ensuring the correct microclimate in the house and in the area where the young chicks live. In more detail, it is important to provide the little ones with light and an additional light source until they get stronger. The first day after birth, they should be under a special lamp. In summer, you need to take care of good ventilation, regular ventilation of the room. The comfortable temperature for birds is 20 ° C, humidity is minimal.

In the poultry house and box for chicks, it is necessary to carry out daily cleaning, once a week - disinfection. The litter needs to be changed every day, it must be dry. It is necessary to take care of young animals and create special conditions for them up to six weeks of age, after which they can be considered adult birds.

When the chicks get stronger, you should take care of walking in the fresh air, since daily exercise is a guarantee of good health. You need to organize walking in a cozy place, in the grass with small bushes. Feeders and drinkers can also be placed there. However, the farmer should keep the chicks safe from predators. In windy and damp weather, you do not need to let the ducks go for a walk.

What problems can you face

A novice farmer will surely face a number of challenges when raising ducks. Better to worry about them in advance. First of all, this is a room. It must meet some requirements. It is important to provide the birds with daily walking and access to the reservoir, since the duck is a waterfowl. The right diet is needed. In addition to basic products, vitamins and minerals are important for birds, as well as fresh herbs.

Chicks will require special care, especially at first. For them, the temperature regime, a certain humidity are important. Hygiene and disinfection is a kind of disease prevention. This is the foundation of good content. Before you start breeding and raising ducks, you should evaluate your strength, plan the time, otherwise it will not bring the desired result.

Watch the video: How to raise ducks in your backyard, from start to finish part 2 (August 2022).