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Description of the cherry plum variety Gek, choice of planting site, cultivation and care, pollinator varieties

Description of the cherry plum variety Gek, choice of planting site, cultivation and care, pollinator varieties


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Cherry plum Gek is one of the versatile varieties that delight with their rich taste, fresh and canned. The fruit is popular with experienced gardeners and novice summer residents. Cherry plum is unpretentious in care, it easily takes root in all regions of the Russian Federation. The yield is high, the variety is suitable for breeding for personal consumption or sale. To successfully grow a fruit tree, you need to familiarize yourself with all the nuances.

Breeding history

Cherry plum Chuk and Gek or Russian Plum is a hybrid of average fruiting period. It was bred by the symbiosis of the Chinese plum with the cherry plum. Excellent pupil in the N.I. Vavilov. The creators of the variety are G. Eremin and S. Zabrodina. The type has been listed in the state register since 1995. It is approved for use in the North Caucasian and Lower Volga regions.

The appearance of the tree

Cherry plum trees grow medium in size with an even column of medium thickness, are famous for their fast growth. Shoots are about 3-5 centimeters wide, with a vertical slope. As it grows, the vector changes to horizontal. The bush is dense, flat-round in shape. Bouquet branches are short, live for a short period, up to 3 years. There are a large number of buds on the branches, in each of them 2 flowers are formed. Early flowering, in early April. Fruiting occurs in mid-July. Trees give a harvest 3-4 years after planting for 20-25 years.

Features of the fruit

The harvest ripens abundantly, fruits are eaten in any form. They differ in the following features:

  • berries are large, weighing 30-45 grams, round-oval;
  • the skin is of medium density, elastic, with a waxy coating;
  • the side seam is clearly visible along the entire length;
  • pulp of medium juiciness, not dense, gristly, yellow in color;
  • the bone is small, easily separated from the pulp, sweet and sour.

The variety received a tasting score of 4.2 points. This means that the taste is good, the variety is worthy of growing. Fruits for universal use, sugar content is 8.5%. Fully ripe fruit with a slightly orange undertone, small dots are poorly visible. They easily tolerate transportation, retain their original appearance after being torn off for 1 month.

Resistant to low temperatures and dry climates

Cherry plum Gek is famous for its medium resistance to low temperatures. Drought tolerance is also average. The tree is moisture-loving, like other varieties.

Susceptibility to diseases and parasites

A subspecies of cherry plum Gek is practically not exposed to pests and diseases. Resistance to them is high. If beetles or diseases attack a tree, they do not harm it.

Pollinator varieties

The tree does not pollinate itself. The desired pollinators include Chinese plum and any other varieties of cherry plum. This stimulates abundant fruiting.

Productivity and fruiting

The tree gives a stable harvest from the last days of July to the end of August. The fruits do not immediately fall off the branches, they last about a week from the moment of ripening. From one tree, you can collect about 30 kilograms of cherry plum.

Fruit application

Jams, jams, dried fruits, compotes are widely prepared from fruits. Cherry plum retains most of the nutrients when properly frozen. Fresh fruits can be consumed immediately, or used for baking, as a decoration for desserts.

Advantages and disadvantages of the variety

The variety of cherry plum Huck suggests a number of positive and negative properties.

prosMinuses
Early maturitySelf-infertility
Large amount of harvestMedium drought tolerance
Good fruit taste
Large fruits of presentation
Winter hardiness
Immunity to diseases, beetles
High survival rate of the tree in different conditions

How to plant a tree on the site

Cherry plum Huck is planted in several ways. These include:

  • from the bone;
  • with the help of a seedling;
  • vaccinations - budding.

To preserve the properties, they often resort to vegetative reproduction. When pollinating trees planted from stone, insects mix pollen from different varieties. Then the taste and appearance of the fruit changes. Reproduction of cherry plum by sowing seeds is the most economical way. Buying a seedling requires little financial investment, but the tree grows faster.

Optimal planting time

In the southern regions, it is advisable to plant cherry plum in the fall. Then it takes root better. In regions with frosty winters, it is safer to plant a tree in spring.

Site selection and seedling preparation

Experienced summer residents advise planting planting material in a place where there is fertile soil, using various agronomic techniques.In an area with a natural depression, in order to avoid podoprevaniya rhizomes, cherry plum is placed on a mound 60 centimeters high. The root collar should be above the soil.

  1. The slopes of the south-west and north-west directions are perfect, where the sun's rays are constantly shining.
  2. The earth should be slightly acidic with a light texture.
  3. Groundwater should be located no higher than 1.5-2 meters.

When choosing a cherry plum seedling, you need to pay attention to its appearance. It should be free of damage, trunk, leaves and shoots with no wrinkles, spots, curvatures. Normal rhizome is at least 10 centimeters long, white in color. It is better to buy planting material in nurseries or specialized stores. When purchased on the market, there is a risk of getting the wrong variety, infested or wild growing seedling. It is not necessary to immediately place it in the soil. First, carefully examine the root system:

  • remove deformed and dried fragments with pruning shears, cut healthy ones a little;
  • if a brown color is visible on the roots of the cherry plum, cut off this place;
  • make a clay, liquid chatterbox with a mullein, place the roots in it.

Manipulation maintains the water balance in the plant, preventing it from drying out while it is still in the soil. Due to the presence of a mullein in the talker, the planting material is supplied with nutrients.

Landing technology

Cherry plum is planted using seedlings with closed and open rhizomes. Each option has its own planting technique. The first case is the most laborious, which cannot be said about planting a seedling in a container.

How to plant seedlings with an open root system

First, you should prepare holes for cherry plum measuring 60 * 60 and 80 cm deep. Dig them at a distance of 2.5 meters from each other. Dig up the soil around and remove weeds. Add ash, green feed to the ground. Create a mixture from the excavated soil, which includes:

  • humus 10-15 kilograms;
  • nitrophoska - 140 grams;
  • ash - 0.5 kg.

Put a drainage from broken bricks at the bottom, fill up the soil mixture halfway. Form a mound, insert a stick into it to support the seedling. Spread the root system inside the groove, fill it with the rest of the mixture so that the neck of the root does not go deep and remains above the surface. This will help the tree develop properly. Trample the ground around the trunk, pour plenty of warm water.

After absorbing the liquid, loosen and mulch with humus and straw or freshly cut grass.

How to plant closed-root seedlings

Cherry plum seedlings in containers with a closed rhizome can be planted without digging holes. They are put in the right place on the plot, holding by the stem, generously covered with the rhizome with soil mixture. After, cut the trees, pour 3-4 buckets of water for each plant. In drought, water the young cherry plum every 10 days throughout the growing season.

We organize competent care

Cherry plum Gek does not require special care. It consists only of such activities:

  • timely watering, weeding, feeding;
  • treatment against pests and diseases;
  • shelter for the winter.

For due care, the tree will thank you with a bountiful harvest.

How often to water?

It is necessary to irrigate the cherry plum regularly, especially in the summer with rare rainfall. Watered with warm water, strictly under the root system 3 times a month. It is especially often necessary to irrigate young trees. One plant will need 4 buckets of water.

What and how to feed the plant

In the first year of the cherry plum life, it is not necessary to feed it, since the soil is fertilized before planting. From the 2nd year onwards, the following dressings should be applied:

  • mineral;
  • organic.

In the spring it is worth fertilizing the cherry plum with nitrogenous substances, in the summer and autumn - with potassium-phosphate compounds. After pollen, feed the tree with urea. Every autumn, after harvesting, add humus or compost substance under the trunk. Half a bucket is enough for 1 tree.

Specificity of crown formation

Cherry plum Gek needs the formation of a bush, but insignificant, since by nature it has the shape of a regular oval. You should also thin out the branches so that all the fruits are saturated with the sun's rays.

Every spring, carry out sanitary pruning of cherry plum, remove all shoots that have frozen over the winter period, as well as old, diseased branches.

Barrel circle care

After watering the tree, mulch the ground along the diameter of the trunk circle, remove weeds. In the form of a mulching material, humus, compost or sawdust are suitable. The layer should be 7-10 centimeters.

Preventive treatments

Cherry plum is famous for its strong immunity to beetles and diseases, but you can periodically process the tree for preventive purposes. From aphids use Aktofit, Cesar. This pest attacks most often, but does not harm. Only the aesthetic appearance of the tree suffers.

Wintering a tree

Cherry plum trees require high hilling of the trunk, mulching of the near-trunk part. When the snow falls, you can sprinkle the boles with it and throw in the near-trunk part with a snowdrift. Under such a shelter, the variety is not afraid of frosts.


Watch the video: The Growth Rate of a Plum Tree (May 2022).