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Description and characteristics of Clematis Hegley hybrid, planting and pruning group

Description and characteristics of Clematis Hegley hybrid, planting and pruning group



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Clematis is an attractive crop that can be grown in the garden, the Hegley hybrid tolerates changing climatic conditions and has large buds. Proper care allows you to enjoy flowering several times during the season.

Description and features

Clematis Hagley hybrid has bright, large inflorescences. The plant belongs to the type of buttercups, the culture is perennial, the shoots are large in the form of vines. Clematis Hegley belongs to hybrids, the leaves are green corrugated. Inflorescences of pearlescent color with a pink border. The plant needs regular pruning. It blooms violently throughout the summer, until the first frost.

The plant has the following features:

  • the length of the shoots can reach 3 meters;
  • shoots have brown bark;
  • blooms immediately after planting;
  • during growth, it is necessary to install a support or plant it near the fences;
  • differs in endurance to changing weather conditions;
  • in the absence of timely pruning, it can lose its decorative qualities.

The plant has a large number of inflorescences that can serve as a decoration for the garden area.

Breeding history

Clematis Hegley Hybrid was bred by British breeders. This variety appeared in 1956, was first introduced by the scientist Picton in England. Gradually, the culture gained great popularity and began to be grown in various countries.

Reproduction methods

Clematis can reproduce in a variety of ways. The breeding method depends on the age of the bush and the preferences of the person.

Shrub division

To obtain high-quality planting material, only a mother bush with an age of at least 4-5 years is used. The bush is divided into several parts and transplanted to a new growth site.

Important. Root damage should be covered with charcoal to prevent rot.

Cuttings

To use this method, you must choose a strong shoot without damage. For reproduction, the middle part of the shoot is used, on which there are buds. Cuttings are placed in cold water for a day. Prepare a seedling box with a nutrient mixture. Mix humus with soil and sand. Cuttings are planted in the ground and left before roots appear. After 50-60 days, it is necessary to plant the cuttings in the soil.

Important. Cuttings can be planted immediately in the ground, however, it is necessary to use insulation in the form of a glass container.

Layers

This breeding method is most often used in the spring. Strong shoots are selected, which are sprinkled with soil. Shoots must be strengthened, for example, with staples. An incision is made on the shoot at the point of contact with the soil. Roots will appear in a year. Shoots are separated from the mother bush and planted in the ground.

Seeds

Clematis Hegley practically does not reproduce with the help of seeds. Since the bush loses its decorative qualities. To use the seed propagation method, it is necessary to soak the material in water for several hours, and then plant it in a seedling container. The container is covered with plastic wrap and placed in a sunny place. In order for the seeds to sprout quickly, it is necessary to observe a temperature regime of at least 18 degrees. After 2 leaves appear on the seedlings, you can dive the seedlings.

After the seedlings reach a height of 10 cm, planting can be carried out in open ground.

Landing features

The plant takes root well, however, it is necessary to observe the terms for planting and choose the right place.

Recommended timing

It is necessary to plant a culture in mid-September, this will allow the roots to strengthen and endure the winter period. In regions in which there is a cold period, clematis is planted in the spring, when the temperature and soil warm up.

Choosing the right place

The landing site must be protected from drafts and winds. It is also not recommended to plant a plant near buildings. Also, the plant does not tolerate if groundwater is located on the surface of the soil. The soil must be nutritious. Contain enough organic fertilizers. The planting site should be sunny, but the sun should not fall on the plant for more than 6 hours a day. Otherwise, the inflorescences and leaves will fade.

How to choose and prepare planting material

If the planting material is purchased, it is necessary to ensure that the sprout is in the bag and has a nutrient mixture. Keep planting stock in a cool place. If the sprout is purchased earlier than the prescribed time, it must be planted in a box with a nutrient mixture. Before planting, the seedling must be watered with a growth activator and planted in the ground. It is necessary to purchase seedlings no earlier than 2 weeks before planting in open ground.

Landing scheme

Planting a plant is carried out according to the following scheme:

  • dig a hole 50 cm deep;
  • a broken stone or pebble must be laid at the bottom of the hole;
  • using the nutrient mixture, it is necessary to make a small hill, the seedling is placed on the hill, and the roots are straightened;
  • cover with soil up to the root collar, but not less than 10-15 cm, put sawdust on top, pour abundantly with water.

In order for the bush to develop well, it is necessary to immediately establish a support and regularly carry out a garter.

Care

Proper care is essential for the plant to develop well and bloom in the first year after planting in the ground.

Watering

The plant prefers moist soil, so watering is necessary often. It is necessary to irrigate 3 times a week, one bucket for each bush.

Important. If the soil is wet, watering is tolerated, otherwise fungus may form that damages the roots.

Top dressing

Clematis prefers a sufficient amount of nutrients, so feeding is carried out regularly.

The first

Fertilization must be carried out immediately after warming up the soil. Top dressing of clematis is carried out in the second year after planting. At the end of April, it is recommended to apply nitrogen fertilizers. This bait will increase the growth rate of the bush.

The second

In mid-May, complex mineral fertilizers are applied, which strengthen the shoots. It is recommended to add fertilizer during root watering.

Third

Before flowering, potassium and phosphorus are added, which increase the flowering intensity. The fertilizer dissolves in water and is watered after sunset.

Fourth

Wood ash must be added in mid-August. Fertilizer can be dissolved in water or scattered over the ground and watered with warm water.

The fifth

Carried out after the end of flowering. Organic fertilizer is applied to the soil. Then the soil is dug up and the plant is prepared for winter.

Mulching and loosening

Using mulch helps to keep soil moisture. Loosening of the soil is also carried out once a week. Sawdust or pine needles can be used for mulch. Also, this method of care prevents the formation of weeds, which are the spread of diseases.

Pruning

It is recommended to cut the clematis bush immediately after planting if the method of dividing the bush was used. The next pruning is carried out in early summer, weak shoots are removed. Also, pruning is carried out in July, the gardener thus forms the necessary shape of the bush. After flowering, the shoots are shortened by half, and the plant is prepared for the winter.

Preparation for wintering

In mid-September, organic fertilizers are applied and the plant is prepared for winter.

Shelter for the winter

In order for the bush to endure frosts, the roots are covered with spruce branches or straw with soil. The top of the plant also needs shelter. For this, burlap is used, which is wrapped around the ground part. If necessary, you can use a plastic bag. However, it is necessary to follow the ventilation rules and make openings for the intake of fresh air.

Rejuvenation

After the plant has faded, old shoots and damaged areas of the bush must be removed. It is also necessary to rejuvenate the roots. To do this, you need to step back half a meter from the bush and make deep holes with a drill in the direction of the roots. After removing the drill, nutrient soil is placed in the holes, consisting of humus and black soil. This procedure will saturate the roots with nutrients and promote the emergence of new shoots.

Diseases and pests

Clematis is very often exposed to diseases, especially if gardeners do not follow the rules of care.

Gray rot

The disease is manifested by the formation of brown and brown spots on the leaves. The disease spreads quickly and can completely cover the bush in a short time. For treatment, spraying with the substance "Fundazol" is carried out every 10 days.

Withering

It is manifested by lethargy of shoots and leaf fall. The root fungus, which occurs in the deep layers of the soil, provokes such problems. For treatment, spraying with copper sulfate and the introduction of mineral fertilizers by the root method are used.

Rust

The disease manifests itself in the form of rusty spots, which most often appear on the leaves, but can also occur on the stems. For treatment, completely affected areas are removed, and the bush is sprayed with Bordeaux liquid.

Powdery mildew

It appears in the form of plaque on leaves and stems. For treatment, the bush is sprayed with soapy water or copper sulfate. Spraying must be carried out every 5 days.

Spider mite

The pest is small, so it is very difficult to detect it on the leaves in a timely manner. The first signs of the disease are the presence of black dots on the leaves and cobwebs. Garlic tincture or Bordeaux liquid can be used for removal. If there is an accumulation of pests, the vine is removed.

Nematodes

Most often, the disease occurs as a result of the accumulation of weeds and improper crop care. The infected plant does not respond to treatment, so the damaged part must be removed. To prevent the occurrence, you can plant dill or marigolds nearby.

Application in landscape design

Bushes can be planted in separate areas and are used to create slides and decorate fences. Various varieties can be used to create the desired landscape. Clematis is also used with other crops in the garden.

Testimonials

Marina, 36 years old, Moscow region: “I use clematis, I decorate the garden plot. The plant has an attractive appearance during the flowering period. In order to increase flowering, I prune the vines in the fall. And after the plant has faded, I remove the wilted buds. "

Alina, 28 years old Rostov-on-Don: “I have been growing clematis at my dacha for a long period. The culture takes root well after transplantation. Regularly in the spring I apply organic fertilizers in the form of chicken manure. This not only strengthens the plant, but also makes the flowering period longer. "

Outcome

Clematis Hegley has a delicate bud color and can tolerate a change in growth location. The plant can be grown in various regions and is used to create garden compositions.


Watch the video: How to prune group 3 Clematis with Lee Bestall (August 2022).