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Orange, exotic for Russia, can be grown at home. It is grown in greenhouses or in large pots in the room. Consider the description of the variety and characteristics of the Washington Navel orange, its inherent pros and cons, cultivation features. How to care for a heat-loving plant, how to protect against diseases and pests. When to pick the fruit and how to store it.
The history of the origin of the variety
The cultivar is the result of a mutation of the plant of the Selecta cultivar or, as others claim, Umbrigu. The variety was bred in Brazil, in the state of Bahia, in the years 1810-1820. The fruits of the new variety had better characteristics than the predecessor. Thanks to them, the variety spread to other continents - the USA and Australia.
Description and characteristics of the orange Washington Navel
Washington Navel is an early ripening variety. When grown in a room, the tree reaches 1-2 m in height, in natural conditions - 4 m. Its branches are long, thin, hanging. Medium-sized, elongated, dark green leaf. Flowering time - 1st half of spring, orange begins to bloom after reaching 3-4 years. Flowers are solitary, sometimes in inflorescences. To obtain large fruits, you need to thin them out, leaving no more than 1 piece on each branch. The fruits of the Washington Navel orange are round, weighing 150-300 g, with a dense orange skin.
Zarechny Maxim Valerievich
Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.
The pulp is reddish, juicy and sweet, with a strawberry flavor. There are no bones inside. The fruits are transportable and can be stored for a long time, retaining their consumer properties.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
bones are missing;
Features of growing at home
When grown in a room, an orange completely depends on the conditions of detention - temperature and humidity, watering and care that a person creates.
The orange bush should be placed near the south or east window so that the sun's rays illuminate it. In the summer, in the heat, it must be moved to the back of the room so that burns do not form on the leaves. You can take the plant out onto the balcony while the weather is warm. From time to time, the orange needs to be turned towards the sun in different directions.
Temperature and humidity
Variety Washington Navel is light-loving, so the plant should be placed close to windows. In summer, it is advisable to ventilate the room every day. In winter - spray the leaves from a spray bottle once a day. In winter, keep the temperature at 15-18 ˚С. Violation of temperature and humidity conditions often leads to the fact that the plant does not bloom or discards the set fruits.
In spring and summer, when the Washington Navel plant is actively developing, it is watered with small portions of water once a day, in winter and autumn, watering is carried out 2 times a week. Fertilize indoor orange with ready-made complex fertilizers designed specifically for citrus fruits. Fertilize when the plant begins to bloom, and then once a month, until the end of the growing season.
The potted soil is depleted despite constant fertilization. Therefore, every 2-3 years, the plant should be transplanted, completely changing the substrate. While the orange is growing, you need to take the pot slightly larger than the previous one. When the tree reaches the size of an adult plant, do not increase the volume of the pot.
The transplant is carried out in early spring, before the start of active growth. The pot is filled with a substrate specially prepared for citrus fruits. You can buy it at a gardening store. At the bottom you need to put a layer of drainage. The orange is transplanted by the transshipment method, that is, it is taken out with a lump of earth, shaken off a little from the roots and placed in a new place. The freshly transplanted orange is placed in a warm, lit place, but not in a sunny one.
Pruning is done with pruning shears or sharp scissors. They remove branches affected by diseases, dry, weakened, growing inward. Correct branch removal activates shoot growth, rejuvenates the plant, stimulates flowering, increases yields, and improves the quality of orange fruits.
The crown is formed so that on the skeletal branches there are 1-2 branches on each, 3-5 shoots on them. Orange bears fruit on young shoots of the 4th and 5th order.
Plant pests and diseases
Scabbards and spider mites harm the tree of this variety. Against ticks, use soap foam treatment once a month. Wipe the leaves with a solution and leave to dry. After 0.5 days, wash off with water, covering the soil with a film. The shields are destroyed with a mixture of washing powder and household soap (2 tbsp. L. And 40 g per glass of warm water). Leaves are wiped with a solution, washed off after 4 hours. For a month, processing is carried out every week.
Harvesting and storage of crops
Oranges are removed from the tree after they are ripe or slightly unripe. They are stored perfectly, you can put the fruits in storage, eat them fresh, process them, transport them. They do not lose their quality and taste, do not dry out if stored in the refrigerator. In it, Washington Navel oranges can lie for 1-2 months. But usually there is no need to store homemade orange fruits for so long, because they taste the best immediately after harvest.
Growing a homemade orange is not difficult for experienced owners. But for beginners, this plant may seem moody and demanding. But if you take into account all the recommendations, do not forget to pay attention to the citrus every day, it will grow and develop correctly, bloom and bear fruit. Collecting oranges grown by their own hands will be a pleasure for any person.