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Winter garlic: a finicky crop, the harvest is removed in July. Therefore, how to store winter garlic until spring is a very popular question and has not yet received an exhaustive answer. Most heads before this period, if stored improperly, dries out, decays or is damaged by disease. So, let's try to answer the question and touch on other important topics.
The main condition for long-term storage is harvest time
Garlic is dug from the beds when certain conditions occur. No rain for three weeks and crop maturity.
The first condition is needed for long-term storage. Watering of the plants is stopped three weeks before harvesting. If it rains constantly during the maturation of the heads, thorough drying in a dry place is necessary.
The maturity of garlic is checked in the following way. Inspection of plants - when ripe, the scales become dry and thin, the lower leaves turn yellow and dry, the skin of the inflorescences cracks. The tops are lying on the garden bed. Drying of such fruits does not take long.
When overripe, garlic loses nutrients, new roots appear at the bottom, the heads are divided into slices, and those, in turn, begin to ache and rot. Such vegetables are not subject to long-term storage. Therefore, it is important to harvest the crops from the beds on time.
Cleaning of plants
Cleaning is carried out in dry, sunny weather using a pitchfork. They damage the garlic less during harvesting. After digging, the soil is shaken off the plants, damaged and rotten fruits are discarded. The rest should be dried. The foliage is dried along with the fruits.
On dried fruits, the roots and tops are cut off, when stored in braids and bunches, the 30-centimeter tops are left, breaking off the leaves and stems to the desired size.
How is winter garlic dried after digging up?
After harvesting, the plants are thoroughly dried before wintering. For this purpose, the following conditions are suitable:
- Garden beds - provided there is no rain.
- Gazebos - always under a roof during the rain, in sunny weather the plants are brought out in the sun.
- Warm, damp rooms. Drying takes place in them when the weather is wet with heavy rains outside. Drying is problematic in wet weather.
Depending on weather conditions, the garlic is dried for up to a month. It is necessary to check the heads for rotting, mold, drying out.
Preparation for long-term storage
The dried heads need to be prepared for storing winter garlic at home as follows. Long-term storage will only withstand healthy, not damaged by disease or mechanically, fruits. Three layers of scales should remain on the head - they protect the teeth from drying out and damage. The roots are trimmed, leaving 1 centimeter on the head. We also cut them over a gas or a fire. We sort the heads by size.
Where to store garlic?
Garlic is stored at home in two ways: cold and warm.
With the cold method, they are stored in the basement or refrigerator. In this case, the optimum temperature is from +2 to +4 degrees. Air humidity 70–80%. At higher humidity, it will start to rot.
Warm storage - air temperature from 20 to 24 degrees. If the temperature is very high and the air is dry, the cloves will simply dry out. The storage space should be dry, but not near heaters. The bathroom is not suitable for this purpose. Most often, gardeners hang it in the corridor, in the kitchen, attic and closets.
How to store winter crops correctly?
Depending on the conditions or storage location, garlic is prepared in different ways. How to keep winter garlic until spring at home?
Warm storage is used when there is no cellar, basement, or free space in the refrigerator. Gardeners use a variety of devices to extend the life of their heads. Below are the most popular ones.
With the cold method, dried fruits are placed in a basement, refrigerator or cellar. There, in winter, the temperature is maintained at + 2- + 4, as in the refrigerator.
Before being placed for the winter, vegetables are prepared in a slightly different way. How to trim correctly? Do not cut the tops off completely. To tie the fruits in pigtails, leave stems 30 centimeters long. Which will subsequently be braided.
For this method of wintering, in the fall, fruits are selected with three uncracked shells, whole, of a uniform color. Braid the garlic into a pigtail for storage, weaving into it an additional rope for hanging. Stored in a dry, warm place in an apartment or house. Often performs a decorative function.
The tops are processed as in pigtails, but then they are tied with a broom of 10-15 heads and hung in a dry, warm place. It should be noted that the air temperature in the room should not exceed 24 degrees, otherwise the teeth will wither.
In jars, winter garlic is stored longer at home due to the lack of air circulation. They are pre-sterilized. They select even, uncracked heads of a uniform color, without spots, rotting and germination. They are placed in prepared jars and rolled up. Store in lockers, closets.
In a wooden or cardboard container, a large number of vegetables are placed for wintering in the fall. Pre-selected dried, not infected fruits. The boxes are placed in a warm room in which the air temperature is kept from 18 to 24 degrees. In boxes, winter crops are also stored in a cold way, placed in a basement or cellar. The crop that has lain in this way is used as planting material for garlic cloves during spring sowing.
They store in birch bark baskets the same way as in boxes.
Our great-grandmothers kept onion ones in stockings. The method is time-tested. They are stored for a long time provided they are placed in a warm room with an optimal temperature.
They store in nets, as in nylon. They are hung in the closet, in the hallway or in the kitchen. Water overmoistening should not be allowed, vegetables will rot. We plant these teeth in the beds in the spring.
An excellent but time consuming way. Healthy, dried fruits are selected, dipped in heated paraffin and placed in a container. With this method, vegetables do not lose moisture, as they are sealed with paraffin.
Each prepared fruit is dipped in boiled vegetable oil for an hour, then put in a glass container, covered with a lid and left for the winter in a cold or warm room. Sterilized oil prevents germs and fungi from multiplying. With this method, the garlic is stored until spring.
Sprinkle with flour, onion peel, salt
With this method, the cut material is placed in a container. Jars, boxes, baskets will do. Spread out in layers, sprinkling each layer with flour, salt or husk. A prerequisite, the first layer must consist of the poured material. The fruits are completely closed from the influence of the external environment. It can be stored in this way both in warm and cold rooms.
When wintering garlic, it is important to inspect the fruits for rot, germination and drying out. Defective heads are removed from the bulk. Otherwise, one head will ruin the entire crop. Maintain optimal temperature and humidity. If these conditions are met, the saved winter garlic will lie without loss until new cloves are planted and will delight the owners with tasty cloves until the next harvest. Store winter crops properly.