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Rosa Nina is from Denmark, the variety is famous for its rich scarlet color of flowers. They look spectacular in the garden and go well with other plants. The variety is unpretentious in care, it is recommended for growing to gardeners with and without experience. Flowers look gorgeous in bouquet compositions, they perfectly decorate even the most unremarkable vegetable garden. To successfully grow a culture, you should familiarize yourself with all its nuances.
History of occurrence and description
The Nina rose variety originated over 50 years ago in Denmark. The variety was obtained by crossing a polyanthus musk rose and a hybrid tea rose. The plant is adapted to frosty winter, blooms profusely with red buds, does not require special care. Floribunda variety Nina Weibul is a perennial bush of medium height. Weather conditions are not terrible for him, the culture blooms until the first frost. The variety is resistant to diseases, harmful beetles.
The advantages and disadvantages of the bush
Nina Weibull has a number of positive and negative qualities. Familiarization with them will help you decide whether to grow Scandinavian flowers or not.
|Increased resistance to low temperatures||Abundance of thorns|
|Low susceptibility of the bush to black spot and powdery mildew||Lack of aroma|
|Mass planting of bushes is possible, contributing to the flowering of roses at the same height|
|Easy adaptation to different growing conditions|
The variety is incredibly resistant to rain, flowers do not fade in the scorching sun. This allows the plant to bloom continuously throughout the season. The first buds form in mid-June, after which the abundant bloom lasts until November. In order for the variety to produce beautiful, rich scarlet flowers every year, they resort to feeding. A medium-sized bush ceases to form after transplanting 1 season. Roses look great when decorating rose gardens, garden areas design. Terry flowers with a diameter of 5 cm, are collected in inflorescences of 5 pieces.
External parameters of the bush
Medium vigorous shrub grows 75 cm high. Leaves are dark green in color, glossy surface. The stems are covered with many thorns. The shrub is compact, branched, no more than 0.5 meters in width. Up to 5 buds grow on one branch.
Floribunda Nina does not involve any special growing techniques. The rose is suitable for cultivation for personal use or sale. They take care of the culture in the same way as for other members of the family of rosaceous bushes.
Choosing a place for a rose
The Nina rose should be planted in the right place, this will ensure the formation of a large number of buds, abundant flowering, and intensive development. The site should be well lit, flowers love an abundance of sunlight. Bushes do not like drafts, gusts of the north wind.
You can not plant a rose in the shade of trees, they will take away not only sunlight, but also nutrients from the soil. The place should be level, slightly hilly, since there is a danger of winds on the hills, and a lot of moisture accumulates in the lowlands. Stagnant water is dangerous due to the death of the rhizome, the development of diseases. A place where roses have previously grown for 10 years is not suitable for planting.
Required temperature, humidity and illumination
Planting a rose bush at the end of May, when the air and earth warm up to 10 degrees Celsius, there will be no night frosts. The hole is prepared in advance, with a diameter of 70 * 70 cm. The rhizome should be placed in it. The hole is filled with a mixture of sand, peat and garden soil with humus in equal proportions. Additionally, you can add bone meal, phosphorus substances to the depression.
The soil must be well-drained and fertile. Avoid land with a lot of salt, very wetlands. The rose takes root well in slightly acidic, well-fertilized soil or black soil. The acidity should be 5.6-7.3 pH. If the level is high, it is lowered by adding ash or lime, and raised with peat and manure.
The rhizome of the planting material is cut evenly, removing very long, rotten, broken parts. Should remain 30 cm in length. Shoots are pruned too, leaving them 35 cm long. Before planting, soak the root system in water for 1 day. Add a Kornevin-type stimulant to it.
Rose planting scheme and rules
Rose bushes are planted according to the requirements below.
- A drainage layer of crushed stone with gravel is laid on the bottom of the pit. Next, there is a layer of compost and humus, combined with fertile soil. The latter will be made of garden soil, covered with a dome. The thickness of each layer should be at least 10 cm.
- If the root system is open, dip it in water for 2 hours before planting.
- When the seedling is grafted, follow the grafting site during the planting process. It is deepened into the ground by 2 cm. This will contribute to the growth of roots, improve the nutrition of the bushes.
- Water the plant abundantly at the root. If the earth settles, add it.
At the end, the root circumference of the bush is mulched with peat.
Features of caring for the variety of roses Nina
It is simple to care for the Nina rose, you just need to perform the following actions:
- water the bushes in a timely manner;
- process against pests, diseases;
- loosen the ground;
- make top dressing;
- trim shrubs.
They also build a shelter for roses before the cold weather.
The land in the flowerbed should be loosened without fail. The procedure allows the soil to breathe, improves its permeability. Weeding should be carried out the next day after rain, with settled water. First, destroy all weeds.
You need to feed the bushes on time, this will help improve the "health" of the rose, increase the intensity of pollen. The first feeding is carried out 10 days after the spring pruning, before the sap flow with ammonium nitrate. Before blooming, add organic fertilizer. You can use the mullein by diluting it in a 1:10 ratio. Before frost, add superphosphate and potassium salt under each bush.
Pruning rose bushes
The rose needs regular forming-type pruning, and sanitary once a year. In the summer, you should pick off the faded buds so that new flowers form. After planting, do not let them bloom in the first year. A young bush should spend all its power on the formation of a rhizome.
In the spring, the formation of the bush is carried out before the buds open in plants over 2 years old. This ensures continuous pollen every year. If the bush needs rejuvenation, radical pruning is done, after which up to 4 buds remain on each shoot.
Sanitary circumcision is carried out in the fall and spring. During the procedure, the damaged branches, touched by the fungus, are removed. Shoots growing inside the bush should also be excised, as they create an unwanted shadow.
Roses are transplanted from mid-April to 15 May. Move the bush with a large earthen clod to the prepared hole 70 * 70. After, leave 3 leaves on each shoot. The roots must remain intact, this is the most important aspect.
Rose Nina is winter-hardy, but if prolonged frosts prevail in the region, it is better to cover the bushes. If the temperature does not drop more than 7 degrees of frost in winter, the shelter can be skipped. The shrub will harden more, prepare for the cold weather. They cover the rose with earth, sprinkle it on top with fallen leaves, spruce branches. Build a small frame on top and cover with non-woven material. First, remove all leaves and flower buds from the plant. Cut the stems so that their height is 40 cm.
Rose propagation methods
Rose Nina is widely propagated vegetatively, following the algorithm below.
- Choose well-formed specimens, cut the cuttings - 10 cm long. Make the lower cut at a slope of 45 degrees, the upper one parallel to the ground.
- If there are green leaves on the stem, remove them, also remove all thorns.
- Treat the lower part of the cutting with a biostimulating solution.
- When placing planting material in the ground, keep a distance of 15-25 cm.
- When covering the petioles with foil, it is important to take into account that it should not touch them. Remove it regularly, before watering and airing.
You can also use seeds in this way:
- clean the selected planting material from the pulp, place it between 2 cotton pads dipped in hydrogen peroxide;
- place the seedling in a plastic bag in the refrigerator;
- if the seeds become moldy, dispose of them, replace the old cotton pads with new ones;
- in 1.5-2 months, the first shoots will appear, which serves as a signal for the distribution of seedlings in separate containers.
In the future, provide the young plant with 10-hour illumination. It helps to accelerate development.
What diseases and pests are dangerous for a rose
The rose is resistant to diseases and beetles, but sometimes the flower is sick. It is attacked by powdery mildew, black spot, aphids, fungi. Prevention is carried out by spraying the bush with copper sulfate or Bordeaux mixture.
Proper fertilization also serves as a preventive measure. If diseases or beetles have already attacked the plant, it is sprayed with chemicals like Abiga-Pink, Tiovit, Colloidal sulfur. Processing is carried out 2 times a day until the rose recovers.