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The use of ammonia as fertilizer for the garden and vegetable garden, how to breed

The use of ammonia as fertilizer for the garden and vegetable garden, how to breed


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As a nitrogen fertilizer in private households, a substance such as ammonia is used. It is an affordable, cheap and effective remedy. Consider what is the use of ordinary ammonia for the garden and vegetable garden, how to apply fertilizer for vegetable, berry and fruit crops when it cannot be used. What mistakes gardeners make, storage rules and substitute drugs.

Ammonia - what is it?

Ammonium alcohol is a liquid with a sharp, characteristic and persistent odor. Substance - 10% ammonia solution in water.

Alcohol, as a source of nitrogen, can be used for all crops in the garden, vegetable garden and indoor flowers. Nitrogen from the fertilizer is absorbed quickly; plants at any stage of their development respond well to it. Ammonia can replace the usual nitrogen fertilizers - nitrate, urea and others, when they are not available or they are in small quantities.

In what cases is it used?

Ammonia can be used systematically, as a nitrogen fertilizer, and also applied at any time, as an emergency aid to plants if they need an immediate supply of nitrogen. The product can also protect plants from pests: aphids, flies, wireworms, midges.

How is fertilizer used?

Ammonia is an excellent fast-acting fertilizer for all garden crops. Consider how to fertilize vegetables, trees, shrubs, strawberries, onions and garlic with it.

For tomatoes

The solution is prepared from 1 tbsp. l. alcohol per 10 liters of water, this is the standard concentration. Bushes with ripening fruits are watered with a liquid with a concentration of 3 tbsp. 10 liters. Plants are often processed once a week, that is, with almost every watering.

For cucumbers

For this culture, you need to dilute 2 tbsp. in 10 liters of water, the frequency of dressing is 1 time per week and one and a half. If necessary, and also on poor soils, with insufficient nutrient content, the dosage can be slightly increased (3 tbsp. Per 10 l). Do not exceed the dosage of 1 hour per 1 liter of water; in case of an overdose of nitrogen, cucumbers will begin to grow stems and leaves, but not fruits.

For cabbage

Nitrogen is extremely important for this plant; due to lack of nutrition, the heads of cabbage grow small, and the leaves become pale. For 10 liters of water, you need to take 3 tbsp. alcohol.

In the first half of the season, you need to perform 2-3 feeding at intervals of a week. Typically, this treatment is sufficient to eliminate nitrogen deficiency. Fertilize on the ground previously watered with clean water. Carry out processing in dry weather in the morning or in the evening.

In addition to watering at the root, you can spray with a solution of 1 hour per 1 liter. Leaf feeding eliminates the nitrogen deficiency even faster, since the element goes directly to the cells.

In the garden

Any garden tree or shrub can be fed with ammonia. The dosage is the same as for vegetables. The solution can also be used to protect plants from insects. Ammonia acts as an insecticide against aphids, soil pests - bear and wireworms.

How to prepare an insecticidal agent against aphids: Dissolve 50 g of ammonia in 10 liters, add 100 g of shavings of laundry soap, necessary for the solution to stick to the surface of the leaves. Stir the liquid, spray the plants so that the solution completely moistens the leaves on both sides.

From soil pests, an alcohol solution (3-4 tbsp. Per 10 l) must be applied at planting. They need to shed the beds, repeat the treatment after 1-1.5 weeks. Pure alcohol helps against bears and moles: you need to moisten cotton wool in it and put in the pests. The smell will drive them away.

A solution of ammonia can also be used against the onion lurker. Dosage - 3-4 tbsp. 10 liters of water. Water the onions from spring to the second half of summer every 1-1.5 weeks. For carrot and onion flies, use a solution of 1 tbsp. on a bucket, water the beds 1 time in 1.5-2 weeks.

If you make the solution concentrated, you can use it against ants. It should be watered with anthills and paths along which insects move. Cabbage can be protected from whites by watering the cabbage with a solution of 100 ml per 10 liters.

For raspberries

The ammonia should be diluted at a concentration of 3 tbsp. 10 liters and water the bushes at the beginning of spring, when the air temperature rises to 10 ˚С. This feeding is carried out before flowering. This is not only food, but also treatment against hibernating pests. Watering with ammonia will kill most of the insects hiding in the soil.

For onions and garlic

Alcohol is beneficial for the growth and color of the greens of these crops. If the feathers grow slowly and the tips turn yellow, then this is a sign of nitrogen deficiency. It is necessary to water the beds with a solution of 1 teaspoon per 1 liter of water. Repeat every week until growth normalizes and leaves turn green. When the heads are already formed, the concentration should be reduced and the onion should be poured with a liquid of 2 tbsp. 10 liters.

For strawberries

Plants are processed three times: in the spring - to prevent the appearance of pests and diseases on the beds and to feed the bushes. Dilute 40 ml per 10 l, watered at the root. The second treatment is done after flowering. This time the concentration is more: 3 tbsp. For the third time, feeding is done after harvesting berries, to restore plants. The dosage for the 3rd feeding is the same as for the 1st one.

Security measures

Ammonia is dangerous because corrosive vapors can irritate the eyes and respiratory system. You need to work with it carefully, wear a respirator and goggles with side protection. Prepare the solution outdoors or in a ventilated area. Wear gloves on your hands, as ammonia can cause burns to the skin and mucous membranes. Do not mix this substance with preparations containing chlorine.

When should you not use ammonia?

It is not recommended to fertilize the plants when the fruits have already set and they are forming. During this period, they need more potassium and phosphorus, so you need to apply fertilizers that contain these elements. Do not use on acidic soils - fertilizer acidifies them even more.

Frequent mistakes

Trying to surely feed the plants, gardeners can exceed the concentration, which cannot be done. The concentrated solution can burn both leaves and plant roots. Another mistake is frequent use. The minimum break between treatments should be 1 week. If you water more often, you can overfeed the plants with nitrogen.

Ammonia quickly disappears from the solution, so it must be applied immediately after preparation. It makes no sense to feed with liquid prepared in advance for several days. Its effectiveness is significantly lost.

Expert opinion

Zarechny Maxim Valerievich

Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.

It is not advisable to feed the culture with ammonia in the second half of the growing season. At this time, they no longer need such an amount of nitrogen, which this substance gives them.

Storage terms and rules

Bottled ammonia can be stored for 2 years. You need to keep the liquid in glass bottles with a hermetically sealed lid so that the composition does not evaporate. Storage conditions: dark, dry, well-ventilated area. Do not allow the substance to come into contact with pesticides, fertilizers, especially with food, household products. They need to be folded separately. Do not use ammonia as a top dressing, the expiration date of which has ended.

Analogs

You can replace ammonia with ammonium fertilizers: ammonium nitrate, ammonium sulfate and chloride, ammonium carbonate, ammonia water, liquid ammonia. You can also use nitrogen-phosphorus fertilizers: ammophos and diammophos. All fertilizers with nitrogen in ammonia form dissolve perfectly in water, nitrogen is well absorbed by all groups of plants.

Ammonia, if available in sufficient quantities, can be used in the garden and in the garden as a top dressing and insecticidal agent. It is dosed easily, the expense is small, the substance is inexpensive. Salmon contains nitrogen in the form of ammonia, therefore it is used as an ammonium fertilizer or its substitute. When used correctly, it can be an excellent nitrogen fertilizer that nourishes plants in the first half of their growing season. It is especially recommended for use on crops that are grown for the sake of green mass, such as greens or cabbage.


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