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Chamomile chrysanthemums are grown to decorate gardens and premises. Initially, these plants appeared in Asian countries. They were used as indoor crops. However, at the end of the 18th century, flowers came to Europe. Many interesting varieties are known today. They differ in color, size and other parameters. This allows flower growers to choose the best option for decorating their flower beds.
Description and features
Chamomile chrysanthemums are perennial bush plants that are adorned with umbrella inflorescences. The culture belongs to the Astrov family. These plants are very popular in Asian countries. However, today they are increasingly common in Russia.
Chamomile chrysanthemums include non-double and semi-double varieties. They differ in the number of reed petals at the edges. A common characteristic is the presence of a disc of tubular flowers. They have different color options - white, red, yellow, pink.
Plants grow up to 1.5 meters. The leaves are characterized by large toothed fragments and are light green in color. They reach 4-10 centimeters in length and 5-6 in width.
How do they differ from real daisies?
The flowers of the plant resemble chamomile. That is why the culture got its name. At the same time, chrysanthemums are larger in size and look very impressive.
The color scheme is also diverse. Culture is not only white. There are yellow, cream, red chrysanthemums. Also flowers are lilac, pink, crimson.
Varieties and types
Today, many varieties and varieties of such flowers are known. They all have certain characteristics.
These are beautiful shrubs that are often used to create flower beds. Excellent decorative properties allow the use of plants in landscape design.
It is a minimalist variety that does not exceed 30 centimeters in height. The plant is compact in size and simple yellow inflorescences with a green center.
This plant has unusual salmon petals. They are quite long along the edges, but inside they are small and dense. The inflorescences have a beautiful yellow-green hue.
The plant is distinguished by simple inflorescences. They include pale pink petals and a yellow-green center. Flowers are no more than 3-4 centimeters.
This flower has a yellow color and a black center. In shape, it resembles a chamomile. The flowering culture is observed in September-October. It is a branch chrysanthemum that has tall bushes. They reach 1.2 meters.
The plant resembles a chamomile. It has an interesting green hue. The flowering culture begins in October.
This is a fairly common variety that is popular with many flower growers. It has many varieties.
This variety is characterized by delicate creamy flowers. In combination with a green center and rich green leaves, they look very attractive. When creating compositions, such flowers are combined with other pastel colors or combined with more saturated shades.
The plant is characterized by rather bright flowers - red and burgundy. Yellow-green centers stand out against their background. When creating floristic compositions, chrysanthemums are often complemented with white flowers.
These flowers look very bright and create a cheerful mood. They are distinguished by a rich yellow shade and organically fit into various floristic ensembles.
This chamomile chrysanthemum has a rich yellow hue. The plant is extremely popular with flower growers.
The culture has flowers in the form of chamomile. They have a very interesting color scheme. Inflorescences have a lilac shade with a white border.
This flower is shaped like a chamomile. It is characterized by a burgundy hue and a white border.
This variety is a shrub with red flowers. They resemble chamomile in appearance.
This chrysanthemum has yellow buds. The plant is suitable for decorating rooms and creating beautiful bouquets. Flowers combine well with other buds.
This bushy variety belongs to the Korean chrysanthemum varieties. It is characterized by anemone flowers. They are yellow in color and have tubular petals in the center and feathery ones at the edges. The bush reaches 70 centimeters.
This is a semi-double bush chrysanthemum, which has inflorescences 4-5 centimeters in size. The flowers are white and have a yellow center. The culture is more like a chamomile.
This plant is a Korean non-terry cultivar. It is characterized by original flowers resembling spoons. They are decorated with long white petals and a large yellow center. Bushes grow up to 55-70 centimeters.
This crop is a bouquet variety. It is characterized by medium-sized flowers with a diameter of 5-6 centimeters. They are distinguished by a milky white shade of petals and a green center. The cut plant costs 2 weeks.
This bush variety is compact in size and reaches 1 meter in height. The flowers have a rich pink hue and a yellow center. The size of the inflorescences is 4-6 centimeters. The culture is characterized by small leaves and straight stems. It begins to bloom in September. This process ends only with the onset of frost.
It is a non-double variety characterized by flat, elongated, scarlet petals. A yellow center can be seen in the center of the flower. Inflorescences reach 4-6 centimeters. The plant reaches 1 meter and begins to bloom in September.
This is a stunted crop that reaches 28 centimeters. The size of the flowers is 7 centimeters. They have a flat shape and a lilac-pink hue. There is an open yellow center inside. The bush begins to bloom profusely at the end of August.
This variety resembles a chamomile. It is characterized by voluminous bushes of 70-80 centimeters. The inflorescences are baskets and are 10-12 centimeters in diameter. White, elongated petals surround the yellow center.
This is an early variety that is easy to care for. Its flowers are characterized by a pink tint. The variety has semi-double inflorescences.
The plant reaches 35 centimeters and has a compact bush. It is characterized by red inflorescences. There is a yellow center in the center.
The variety is characterized by a compact bush reaching a height of 50 centimeters. The inflorescences have a non-double structure and a rich pink hue. The flowers are 5 centimeters in diameter.
The plant is compact and reaches 55-65 centimeters. It is characterized by single-row baskets and lilac-pink flowers. Flowering begins in October and continues until frost.
Features of reproduction and cultivation
To get a beautiful bush, he is recommended to provide complete and high-quality care.
To speed up the emergence of sprouts, the seeds should be pre-soaked. However, they are usually planted dry.
Site selection and soil requirements
The plant is perfect for drained soil, which has a slightly acidic reaction. For chrysanthemums, it is important to choose a lighted place, since in the shade the flowers can be paler and smaller.
In this case, it is worth preparing special boxes and filling them with drainage. Then add nutrient soil and make furrows, maintaining a distance of 5 centimeters. Place the seeds on top and sprinkle them with soil. Drizzle, cover with plastic wrap and place in a warm and lighted place. When a pair of leaves appears, the plants can dive.
Landing in open ground
It is recommended to transplant seedlings into the ground in May. This is done in the absence of the risk of frost. 1 week before the procedure, the sprouts should be hardened. To do this, they are worn outside every day.
Preparation for wintering
At the end of autumn, it is worth cutting off all the leaves and stems. It is recommended to leave 8-10 centimeters of the plant above the soil surface. New shoots will grow from the stems next year. If you cut the chrysanthemums down to the ground, significantly fewer stems will appear in the spring.
To get a beautiful bush, it should be provided with full and high-quality care.
Fertilization and feeding
During the development of the culture, it is recommended to alternate mineral and organic fertilizers. At the beginning of growth, it is worth using nitrogen preparations, which activate the growth of leaves. To make the flowering more lush, fertilizers based on phosphorus and potassium are used.
The lack of fluid makes the stems stiffer and impairs the appearance of the flowers. When watering, it is important to avoid getting water on the leaves. It is recommended to water the culture exclusively at the root.
Transfer to a new location
If a chrysanthemum grows in one place for several years, it loses its decorative characteristics. Therefore, the bushes should be dug up and transplanted to a new site. During this manipulation, the plant is allowed to be divided into several parts. This will help get new crops.
Chrysanthemum is recommended to be planted in fertile soil, watered, hilled. Nitrogen preparations should be added every 2 weeks. Potassium and phosphorus are used before flowering.
To make the plant more lush, it is recommended to prune it in time. This is done during active growth. To extend the flowering period, it is worth getting rid of yellow leaves and wilted buds.
How to grow potted houses
Recently, more and more chamomile chrysanthemums are bred in pots. To do this, it is worth giving preference to varieties that are compact and small roots. You should definitely choose a spacious container and provide it with a drainage layer.
Prevention of diseases and pests
Lack of proper care leads to the development of diseases and pest attacks. For preventive purposes, the bush is treated with fungicides. This is done in early spring and before the buds appear.
To avoid insect activity, systemic insecticides are used.
For the prevention of diseases and attacks of parasites, it is worth maintaining the distance between plantings, keeping the flower garden clean and systematically inspecting the plantings.
Application in landscape design
Chamomile chrysanthemums fit well into flower beds. They can be used to decorate terraces and balconies. When planting, it is worth using several varieties at once, which will help to get a beautiful color composition.
Chrysanthemums look good with other flowers - asters, hydrangeas. They can be planted against the backdrop of evergreen bushes.
Chamomile chrysanthemums have many beneficial properties. They are used to treat colds. The use of flowers helps to cope with parasites. Also, the plant is used to eliminate malaria, alcohol dependence, eye pathologies.
The culture can be used to prevent stomach diseases and pathologies of the cardiovascular system. Local application of chrysanthemum-based products helps to cope with pain associated with diseases of the musculoskeletal system.
Chamomile chrysanthemums have excellent decorative properties. This kind of culture is actively used in landscape design. To get a beautiful bush, it is recommended to take proper care of the flower.