We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
Growing turkeys in private households begins with raising young animals from day old chicks. By 4-5 months, they grow so much that they can be sent for slaughter or chosen from the livestock of breeding individuals. Consider how to feed small turkey poults in the first days of life at home, as well as up to 5 months of age, drawing up the correct diet and feeding regimen.
Feeding turkey poults from the first days of life at home
Turkey poults of any breeds are demanding on feed, its composition, consistency, feeding regime. Errors in feeding often lead to poor health and death of chicks.
On the first day after hatching, turkey poults may not show appetite, since they have not yet used up all the nutrients of the egg. If they are in no hurry to eat, there is no need to force-feed them. But it is imperative to water, therefore, a drinking bowl with water should be placed in the brooder for the chicks. If there is an appetite, then the turkey poultry menu consists of a mixture of boiled eggs, low-fat non-acidic cottage cheese and fresh herbs. The frequency of feeding is 5-6 times a day.
Zarechny Maxim Valerievich
Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.
Caring for daily turkey poults - place them in a brooder, cover the floor with paper. Hang a red lamp on top, under which the chicks will bask.
The first week, small turkey poults are fed with the same mixture as the first day, but for 3-4 days they add a fine chaff or millet, a little meat and bone meal, onion feathers, grass to it. Greens are a source of vitamins vital for the growth and development of chicks. Mixtures with onions should be given during the day, not in the evening. After eating it at night, the turkeys will be thirsty. From this they will become anxious, crowded and crush each other.
The grass should be taken young, soft, in which there is still little fiber. A large amount of fiber poses a danger to the still weak digestive tract of the bird. The ratio of components of 4 to 1 is adhered to. Recently hatched turkeys have soft beaks, so the food in the first days is poured not into the feeder, but onto a sheet of paper.
They put warm water in a drinking bowl in a brooder, it can be sweetened. The drinking bowl should be shallow so that chicks cannot climb into it with their feet and do not overflow water. Wet turkey poults can get sick and die. You can pour yogurt into another drinking bowl, turkey poults digest it well. But you need to make sure that the dairy product does not sour.
Some poultry farmers feed small turkeys with compound feed for chicks from the very first days. Many enterprises produce starter feed for turkey poults. You need to choose only high-quality mixtures, even if they are not cheap. It is also important to pay attention to the freshness of the feed. No more than a month should pass from the date of issue. You should not take old compound feed, which is about to expire.
What to give at 2 weeks of age
It is recommended to feed 2-week-old turkey poults with mash of 50% crushed grain, 20% peas, 25% sunflower meal and 5% chalk. They still give fresh cottage cheese, yogurt, buttermilk, reverse, but their volume is gradually reduced. At 2 weeks, you can give boiled potatoes in mixtures, 5-6 g per chick per day. From additives of mineral origin, salt and crushed eggshells are used.
The consistency of the mash should be moderate, the mixture is not prepared dry, but not wet, so that it does not pour down the throat of the turkey poults. After each feeding, the troughs are cleaned and washed.
The composition of the wet mash is changed; more protein feeds, both plant and animal origin, are introduced into them: waste from meat and fish production. The amount of boiled potatoes can be doubled. When the turkey poults are 1.5 months old, you can start feeding them whole grains. By 2 months, its share can be increased to 50% of the total amount of grain food. Green grass, nettle, tops, dandelion, onion feathers are added to the mixture.
They feed turkey poults with compound feed. It is important to note that only poultry feed can be given, pork and is not suitable for cattle, they have more salt and dietary fiber.
Two month old birds
At 2 months, turkeys receive food 4 times a day. They are fed with a mash or ready-made compound feed. Bread and kitchen waste can be added to the mixture. By this time, they are switching to full-fledged mixtures, which contain all the nutrients necessary for the bird's body. For the prevention of diseases, once a week, you need to add several crystals of potassium permanganate to drinking water, and chopped needles into the feed.
2-month-old turkey poults can be grazed on the grass or walked in the paddock in the summer to breathe fresh air and store vitamin D.
What to give at 3 months
The composition of food for three-month-old chicks remains the same, but its volume increases. The amount of food that turkeys should receive is calculated based on the amount they consume during half an hour. All leftovers must be removed from the feeders.
What to feed at 4 months
The basis of the diet of 4-month-old turkeys is grain mash. Any suitable food is put in them; at this age, the digestive tract of the bird digests whole grains, foods containing fiber and other heavy foods. In the pen, turkeys can find insects, earthworms, larvae. From spring to autumn, you can harvest brooms from the branches of linden, birch, poplar, herbs. They are dried in the shade and stored in a dry, dark room. During the winter, crumbs of leaves and herbs are added to the mash as a vitamin supplement.
The specifics of feeding broiler turkeys for beginners
Broilers fatten quickly and have an intense metabolism. It is recommended to feed them on industrial compound feed. You need to choose a quality product, even if it is expensive. The costs will pay off in the future. It is allowed to use only poultry feed, in no case pork or cow. They have a different composition that is not suitable for the bird's body.
Self-prepared feed can consist of grains from different crops, crushed or whole. Other ingredients: meal, bran, yeast, meat and bone meal, chalk, salt. Homemade compound feed is cheaper, but you need to prepare it in small portions so as not to store it. If it is damp, sour, covered with mold spots, you cannot feed it.
Features of the use of vitamin and mineral supplements in the diet
On the market, you can buy various preparations specially designed and produced for feeding poultry. The complexes strengthen and support the body's immune forces, provide the daily need of turkey poults for the main vitamin and mineral components. Birds that receive complexes grow better, do not get sick, do not die.
The dosage is chosen according to the instructions, which indicate the rate for turkey poults, depending on age and gender. You cannot exceed it, an excess of vitamins and minerals is just as harmful as a deficiency.
What is forbidden to give?
Turkeys are not omnivorous, there are foods that will be harmful to them. Feeding such food will lead to disorders, diseases and complications. For example, poultry should not be given compound feed for farm animals - pigs, cows. Due to the improper composition, they can cause diseases and disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, liver.
You can not give fresh bread, white and baked goods. It is forbidden to feed spoiled foods, raw, moldy, expired. Bad food can be identified by its smell and must be disposed of. It is also not allowed to give raw meat and fish, they may contain helminth larvae or eggs. In addition, fish contain small bones that birds can choke on. Also, you can not feed too salty foods, spicy, pickled. When harvesting grass, you need to be careful not to come across poisonous plants.
The feeding of purebred turkeys and broilers must be organized according to the rules. It is especially necessary to take a responsible approach to feeding small turkeys up to one month of age, when mortality often occurs, including due to mistakes made in the preparation of the diet. If you approach the matter wisely, you will be able to feed the bird without loss and profit from the maintenance of a home turkey farm.