Description of frost-resistant, high-yielding and undersized self-fertile varieties of cherries

Description of frost-resistant, high-yielding and undersized self-fertile varieties of cherries

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Growing self-fertile varieties of cherries is the choice of modern gardeners who need to free up space in the country and simplify the care process. Cherries do not require pollinators, so they can bear fruit even when grown separately. If you want to plant this variety of berries, you must choose an option taking into account the climatic conditions and the type of soil.

Features of self-fertile cherry varieties

It is not always advisable to grow several varieties of cherries in the garden. When planting several bushes, you need to constantly look after them, taking into account certain nuances. Self-fertile types of berries, unlike traditional ones, are capable of intensively bearing fruit without the use of pollinators. Since for such species it is not required to grow other seedlings nearby, this significantly saves space in the summer cottage.

Each variety of self-fertile berries has an individual description and characteristics. The droplet variety has a special structure, since the length of the stamen and pistil in the plant coincide. As a result, the flower is pollinated even before the bud opens. Cherry Studencheskaya and Annushka differ in maximum productivity, since their pollen germinates within 2-3 days at a constant temperature of 10 degrees.

The main types of self-fertile cherries

Depending on the type of soil on the site and the atmospheric conditions, it is necessary to select the appropriate type of trees. All varieties of self-fertile cherries are divided into the following categories:

  • undersized;
  • large-fruited;
  • winter hardy.

Large-fruited varieties

Large berries are easier to collect and process, so this indicator should be taken into account when choosing the type of trees. Large-fruited cherries include the following:

  1. Garland. The height of the trees reaches 4 m. The berries of a dark red hue have a thick rind and juicy pulp.
  2. Lighthouse. Bushy trees up to 2.5 m high. Burgundy fruits have a sweet and sour taste. The variety is not prone to decay, regardless of the type of soil.
  3. Youth. A mid-season variety, producing up to 12 kg of berries from each tree. The fruits are bright red, juicy, oval in shape.
  4. A meeting. The trees reach a height of 3 m and form a dense crown. The mass of the berries is 15-20 g, the taste is sweet and sour. Up to 10 kg of harvest ripens on one tree.

The most productive self-fertile cherries

The main criterion for choosing self-fertile seedlings is the yield value. The cultivation of fruitful varieties will satisfy the needs for the consumption and preparation of stocks of berries. The following types of cherries are considered the highest-yielding:

  1. Lyubskaya. A distinctive feature of the variety is the ability to grow in the form of a shrub or tree. Plant height reaches 3 m. Crohn medium thickened and branched. Rounded fruits have a burgundy color and weight up to 6 g.
  2. Apukhtinsky. Grows as shrubs up to 3 m tall. The yield is 7-9 kg per bush. The plant bears berries from the second year of cultivation. The taste of the fruit is sweet and sour.
  3. Volochaevka. The plantings grow up to 3.5 m in height and yield up to 15 kg of berries. Fruit weight - 4 g, taste - sweet with noticeable sourness, pulp - juicy. The only drawback is the low resistance to frost.

Low-growing varieties

The spread of undersized cherries is due to simple tree care. Low plants are easier to water, fertilize, shape to create a neat crown. The plantings do not take up much space in the summer cottage and bear fruit stably.

The height of low trees does not exceed 2.5 m. Most of the plantings have an oval crown and are highly resistant to drought. Dwarf plants have received significant demand in landscape design.

Frost-resistant varieties

In northern areas with a changeable climate and lingering cold weather, frost-resistant trees should be grown. Among the most winter-hardy varieties, the following can be distinguished:

  • Vladimirskaya. Medium-sized variety producing sweet berries. One bush grows up to 10 kg of harvest.
  • Novodvorskaya. Tolerates frost and frequent temperature changes. The disadvantage of the variety is the tendency to develop coccomycosis.

  • Wreath. A frost-resistant dwarf variety with juicy fruits and a small bone. The seasonal yield is 8-10 kg. When grown in northern areas, the yield is unstable.
  • Star. Not fully self-fertile species that is pollinated by sweet cherries or similar plants. The yield reaches 15 kg. The berries are sweet with exquisite taste characteristics.

Among this variety, every gardener will be able to choose a variety suitable for his conditions.

Watch the video: Growing fruit trees in containers (May 2022).