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To obtain a rich and high-quality grape harvest, proper care is not always enough. It is also necessary to successfully pick up seedlings. One of the most unassuming grape varieties is the Carmacode. But, since it appeared relatively recently, not all growers are familiar with the characteristics of the variety. Therefore, before purchasing Karmakoda seedlings, it will be useful to familiarize yourself with the peculiarities of planting and growing.
Description and characteristics of the Karmacode grapes
Several years ago, Russian breeders crossed three grape varieties - Cardinal, Magarachi, Codryanka - a new, table variety - Karmakod. Carmacode is an early maturing variety with bisexual flowers, well pollinated. The number of fruiting shoots is quite large, more than 80%.
Shoots can be about 5 meters long. Each vine forms 1.5-2 bunches weighing up to 0.5 kg. There are specimens weighing up to 800 g.
The table shows the characteristics of the berries:
|The form||oblong, pointed towards the end|
|Size / weight of 1 berry||2.7x1.2 cm / 9-12 g|
|Taste||floral with a light nutmeg aroma|
|Skin||thin, not noticeable when used|
|Acidity level||9 g per 1 liter of juice, decreases as the berries ripen|
|Sugar content||increases with maturation from 16% to 22%|
In terms of taste and decorative properties, Karmakod is not inferior to many elite varieties.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
By combining the best qualities of the parental pair, the breeders managed to get grapes that have a lot of advantages.
ability to withstand 20-degree frosts.
In addition, grape fruits wither well under the influence of sunlight. Therefore, high-quality raisins can be prepared from Karmakoda.
Zarechny Maxim Valerievich
Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.
The only drawback of this variety is excessive sensitivity to moisture, leading to cracking of the berries.
For Karmakoda saplings, it is better to contact specialized stores or nurseries. The purchase of planting material from individuals does not guarantee that the grapes belong to the desired variety. For the successful growth and development of the vine, you need to choose the right site, prepare the soil, and observe the planting technology.
When to plant
You can plant seedlings both in autumn and spring. The exact dates are regulated in accordance with the climatic characteristics of the region. The best time for autumn planting is the second decade of October. In order for the wintering to be successful, young shoots are sheltered for the winter.
In spring, grapes are planted after the establishment of stable, warm weather. Usually it is the 3rd decade of March, 2nd decade of April for the southern regions, mid-May for the middle lane. When night frosts return, young bushes will need shelter.
Where to plant on the site
Carmacode is suitable for cultivation in summer cottages. Like most representatives of this culture, the Carmacode is susceptible:
- to drafts;
- temperature extremes;
- lack of light.
Therefore, a sunny site is chosen for the cultivation of grapes. The level of the groundwater is also important, which should not be less than 2-2.5 m from the surface. Best of all grapes grow on loam, clay soil.
Attention is also paid to neighboring cultures. It is recommended to plant Carmacod away from fruit and fruit trees. Plants suffering from white rot, mildew, oidium are considered a bad neighborhood.
10-15 days before the planting of Karmakoda seedlings, a planting pit is prepared. The dimensions of the hole depend on the dimensions of the rhizome, but usually it is 80x80 cm. At the bottom of the hole, nutrient soil is placed, consisting of humus and sod land.
Before planting, the grape shoots are pruned, leaving only 2 vines with 2 eyes. Landing technology:
- The seedling is placed in the center of the hole so that the root collar is flush with the edge of the planting hole.
- They cover it with earth, tamp it down.
- Moisturize abundantly.
- Install the trellis.
- Sprinkle with mulch (cut grass, peat, sawdust) around the trunk circle.
Bushes are located at a distance of 2 m from each other.
Caring for Carmacode is easy. It is enough just to follow all the rules of agricultural technology: watering, feeding, pruning.
Watering and feeding
Carmacode does not require frequent watering. Water the vineyard only during drought, once a week. 1-2 buckets of warm water are poured under each bush. Do this slowly, as the liquid is absorbed.
They start feeding the vineyard at the age of 3, provided that nutrients were introduced during planting. Top dressing is carried out 5 times per season.
An approximate fertilization scheme is shown in the table:
|Application period||List of top dressing ingredients|
|Before the start of the growing season||the nutritional composition of a mixture of superphosphate (20 g), potassium salt (5 g), ammonium nitrate (10 g) is dissolved in a bucket of water.|
Complex formulations introduced in accordance with the instructions
|Before the formation of flowers||30-35 g of nitrophos, diluted in 5 liters of water|
|After the end of flowering||Kalimagnesia (5 g) is mixed with ammonium nitrate (10 g), diluted in 5 liters of water|
|1-2 weeks before harvest||20 g of potassium-containing mixtures mixed with superphosphate (20 g), diluted with water (10 L)|
|In autumn||organic mixtures: humus (2 kg per 1 sq. m.), chicken manure diluted in water (1 kg per 1 l), wood ash (150 g per 5 l)|
It is imperative after watering to carry out loosening, weed removal.
Support and garter shoots
The trellis method is used to grow Karmakoda. So that the plant grows evenly, does not undergo diseases, the grape bushes are tied up.
The garter is carried out twice: in the spring and in the summer. Tie up the vines with soft material to avoid damage to the shoots.
Pruning and protection from cold weather
To increase yields and rejuvenate the vines, they are regularly pruned. Frozen shoots are removed in spring, sanitary pruning is carried out in summer, removing diseased, damaged stems. Fan formation is used for Karmakoda, while the length of the shoots should not exceed 2 m. When cultivating grapes in the south, the Karmakoda can be left uncovered. In regions with harsh climatic conditions, shelters are indispensable. To do this, shoots are removed from the trellises, placed in grooves, sprinkled with earth on top. You can twist the vines before laying, place them in bags, covering them with slate on top.
Diseases and pests
Carmacode can do without special treatment for diseases such as mildew and powdery mildew. The plant is processed only after flowering. Sometimes Carmacoda berries are peeled. Remove small fruits with a paint brush, running it over the bunches.
Harvesting and storage
The first harvest of Karmakoda can be obtained within 3 years after planting. Berries ripen 115-125 days from the beginning of the growing season. For the southern regions - this is the end of July, and for the middle climatic zone - the first decade of August. Ripe bunches can hang on the bush for a long time, gaining sugar, becoming sweeter.
Carmacode is one of the best grape varieties to grow on your backyard. Decorative vines will decorate the yard, and juicy, tasty berries will bring a lot of pleasure.