We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
A properly formed crown of berry or fruit crops allows you to get abundant and high-quality productivity. As a rule, quince pruning is carried out in early spring. Quinces can have a wide variety of crown types.
In horticulture, plants with a pyramidal, round or wide, spreading crown are cultivated. Most often, Japanese quince and bush varieties are grown in summer cottages. Depending on the type, crown formation can be carried out in different ways.
How and when to crop
Specialists recommend trimming in the first three or four years after planting in a permanent place. Usually, five-year-old quince trees no longer need such a procedure and have a fully formed crown. Further pruning involves the removal of branches that cause thickening of the crown, in addition, all low-lying and root-type shoots must be removed.
Quince trimming should be done exclusively in early spring using a sharpened and clean tool. Proper pruning and crown formation require a plant with a well-lit and easy-to-care crown. The formation is based on the uniform arrangement of all the main skeletal branches of the tree throughout the trunk. Thus, after three or four years, it is possible to obtain the most uniform skeleton of a fruit plant with ten powerful lateral branches.
Formative pruning is necessary in the last decade of March or early April, before sap flow in the plant. Preventive pruning of quince in the autumn is required to remove dry, damaged by diseases and non-bearing branches from garden plants. Cut sick areas before healthy wood appears. In the southern regions of our country, the forming pruning has no fundamental differences. There is no universal quince pruning scheme, so the formation should be based on obtaining the most productive and strong crown.
How to prune quince
Technology features for different types
A feature of fruiting of young plants is the formation of the crop on long annual branches. In this case, the laying of flower buds occurs in the sinuses of the foliage. In adult plants, crop formation occurs on branches of different lengths. In subsequent years, generative wood is formed, which involves maintaining annual growth levels of 20-40 cm.
A feature of strong-growing varieties with a weak branching type is the rapid transfer of fruiting to the peripheral part of the crown, as a result of which the skeletal branches can become bare and sag. Crowns of quince are most often formed by a sparse-tier or vase-like type. The latter option is most convenient when growing medium-sized and strong-growing varieties.
In winter, the stem and branches of the skeletal type can be significantly affected by sunburn, which suggests the formation of a bushy crown on productive plants. It is preferable to form strong-growing varieties of quince as a sparse-tier crown with the laying of five or six skeletal branches. Thus, the lower tier is represented by two branches. On the second tier, skeletal branches should also be left with a distance of 0.7 m. The central conductor is cut out after two years of fruiting.
The formation of two branches above the tier should be carried out sparsely, with a distance of 30-35 cm. The central conductor on medium and weak-growing varieties under the weight of the crop may deviate, so it is not necessary to remove it during the pruning process. If, after autumn pruning, all sections must be treated with paint on a natural drying oil, then in the spring you can use a regular garden var.
A correctly formed crown implies the presence of six or seven initial branches. Pruning of a biennial plant follows from the lower first skeletal branch, which should be shortened to 0.5-0.6 m. The remaining skeletal branches are cut at the same level, and the central conductor should be about 20-25 cm higher than the main skeletal branches.
Care after trimming
Quince belongs to the category of sufficiently hygrophilous garden crops, the productivity of which and the duration of productive age depend on watering. The first abundant water-loading irrigation should be done in the early spring, immediately after sanitary or formative pruning. The next watering is important at the stage of natural fall of a certain number of ovaries. Mandatory is abundant watering of plants at the stage of active growth and fruit loading.
In the period after spring pruning, plants need fertilizing with mineral and organic fertilizers. Top dressing is recommended to supplement with watering. It is very important to monitor the cleanliness of tree trunks and regularly remove weeds. After watering and rain it is very important to produce shallow loosening of the soil. A positive result was noted with mulching of trunks.
Garden quince is not widespread in our country, but gardeners recommend paying attention to this culture, since the plant belongs to the category of unpretentious and easily adaptable even to rather difficult cultivation conditions. Quince has a well-defined regenerative ability, which allows you to grow this garden crop in the northern regions.
As a rule, even after receiving damage in harsh and too frosty winters, gardeners manage to almost completely restore part of the fruit plantations or their entire above-ground system due to the presence of numerous shoots emerging from sleeping buds.
Quince: growing and care
Mandatory conditions that allow you to get abundant and annual fruiting of quince include the obligatory use of spring pruning, consisting in shortening annual shoots and in correct thinning of the crown, aimed at obtaining the optimal lighting regime inside the crown. Removing competing branches and shoots growing deep into the crown can significantly increase the productivity of the plant and improve its appearance.