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Blackcurrant is a culture especially loved by Russian gardeners. Its fruits are fragrant, tasty and extremely healthy. Among the various varieties, the early ripe Selechenskaya and Selechenskaya 2 won particular popularity, each of which has its own characteristics and characteristics, which should be familiarized with before planting the plants on the site.
Description of varieties
"Selechenskaya" black currant is a slightly spreading bush of medium, up to one and a half meters, height. The branches of the plant are pubescent, painted in beige-gray. The bushes are leafy, and the leaves themselves are green, matte, with a slight sheen, five-lobed, with small notches at the edges.
The fruits of the plant are painted black, have medium-density peels and are quite large - their weight varies from 2.5 to 5 grams. The taste of the berries is richly sweet, rounded shape.
Variety of currant "Selechenskaya 2" forms semi-spreading plants, reaching almost two meters in height. The bushes have brown branches, casting a gray tint. The leaves are three-lobed, leathery, have a dark green color, their lobes are pointedly elongated, with large notches on the edges.
The fruits of the plant are characteristic black, sweet, large - from 3.5 to 5.5 grams, have a shiny dense skin.
The advantages of both varieties are:
- in high resistance to frost;
- high qualities of berries - they are large, tasty and do not crumble from the bush;
- increased productivity.
Among the shortcomings should be highlighted:
- exacting plants for regular moistening and top dressing;
- poor resistance to anthracosis;
- weight reduction of berries with insufficient care for the bushes.
Currant "Selechenskaya 2": features of the variety
"Selechensky" variety is characterized by the following indicators:
- fetal mass - up to 5 grams;
- maximum yield from the bush - 5 kg;
- plant height - 1.5 meters;
- heat resistance is average.
Variety "Selechensky 2" has other parameters:
- the fetus reaches a weight of 5.5 grams;
- from one plant per season collect up to 3 kg of fruits;
- high bushes - 1.9 meters;
- bears fruit in the second year;
- differs in the increased resistance to high temperature.
For planting, you should choose seedlings whose age is 1 or 2 years. Before acquiring plants, they should be carefully examined - the presence of dry roots and shoots, any mechanical damage is not allowed. A seedling must have a minimum of three skeletal roots, each of which has reached more than 20 cm in length.
The soil for planting blackcurrant should be moist, with neutral acidity, light. A good harvest is also obtained when growing bushes on slightly acidic soil.whose pH does not exceed 5.5. Ground water should not be closer than a meter to the surface.
An ideal landing site is the southern part of the plot, protected from winds and direct sunlight. It is desirable to place plants near the fence so that they are in partial shade. The place for bushes should be leveled: the presence of pits and elevations can significantly reduce the amount of yield.
Before starting planting, you must add fertilizer to the dug hole:
- superphosphate - 110-120 g;
- compost (rotted) - about 7 kg;
- ash - 300 g;
- potassium sulfate - 25-30 g.
The blackcurrant planting algorithm is as follows:
- Pits 40 x 40 x 40 centimeters are dug each, with a distance of a meter from each other and 2.5 meters between the rows.
- Fertilizers are placed in each pit and poured out in a full bucket of water.
- The seedling is placed at a slope of 45 degrees, while its root neck should be 5-8 cm below the ground level. If the plants are weak, then 2 young bushes are placed in each hole, they are tilted in different directions.
- The roots of the plant are carefully spread across the pit and sprinkled with soil.
- After planting a seedling around it, it is required to form a shallow hole with a diameter of approximately 40 cm, into which a bucket of water is poured.
- After watering, a dug hole is mulched with fresh soil, straw or shavings.
- The plant is cut so that no more than 5-6 developed buds remain.
A good harvest of black currant can be obtained annually only if systematic and proper care of the plants is carried out. It consists in the timely conduct of the following procedures:
- Watering - in case of drought, it is recommended to carry out it as necessary, in normal weather conditions it is carried out three times: when the berries are formed, after harvesting in October.
- Tillage - These varieties are extremely poor in tolerance to weeds, so regular weeding is necessary. In addition, it is necessary to mulch and loosen the soil in a timely manner (when loosening, you cannot go deeper by more than 7 centimeters, otherwise there is a risk of damage to the root system).
- Treatment for pests and diseases. Manipulations should be carried out in accordance with the instructions on the packaging of the drug and exclusively in dry, calm weather.
Plant nutrition is carried out twice:
- in spring, urea is scattered under the bushes at a rate of 45 g per young and 25 g per adult plant;
- in the fall, 4 kg of manure, 30 g of superphosphate and up to 20 g of potassium sulfate are placed under each plant, after which the soil is carefully dug up.
In addition, liquid top dressing from a solution of manure (1: 4 with water) or bird droppings (1: 10 with water) at the rate of 10 liters per bush is applied when:
- kidneys swell;
- the plant has faded;
- berries ripen;
- the crop has already been harvested.
The form of a currant bush is fully formed in the first 3 years after planting. To get a full crop from berry bushes of the varieties "Selechenskaya" and "Selechenskaya 2", pruning should be done in autumn and spring:
- after planting, the bush is trimmed, leaving several buds;
- next year, all shoots are cut off from the bushes, leaving up to 6 of the strongest, which are pinched (for a couple of buds) in July;
- the next 2 years the procedure is repeated, leaving up to 5 new shoots annually, and pinching the old ones;
- then exclusively sanitary-rejuvenating pruning is performed, the principle of which remains the same ??;
- when pruning adult plants, six-year-old branches should be removed, all affected, lying on the ground and damaged branches.
Harvesting and storage of crops
The ripening period of the currant varieties "Selechenskaya 2" and "Selechenskaya" falls in July or the first decade of August. Berry picking should be carried out in dry, warm weather - so they will stay fresh longer.
Blackcurrant berries are stored in a fairly cool place (from 1 to 3 degrees Celsius) and a moist place: in such conditions they will not go bad until two weeks. For longer storage, it is recommended to dry or freeze the berries - with this treatment, the fruits will not lose their beneficial properties.
Currants of these varieties are suitable for preservation, use in the preparation of baked goods and other dishes that are subjected to heat treatment. Dry berries are added to herbal preparations, tea and stewed fruit when cooking. Fresh berries after grinding with sugar in equal proportions are well stored in the refrigerator.
How to plant currants
Gardeners growing blackcurrant on their plots almost unanimously recognize the varieties Selechenskaya 2 and Selechenskaya as the best, and this is confirmed by their reviews:
Victor: "I am impressed with the variety of black currant" Selechenskaya 2 "- the largest berries, the plant is resistant to cold and heat, does not cause problems. Next year I will plant several more bushes."
Anna: "When choosing between" Selechenskaya "and" Selechenskaya 2 ", I settled on the first option. I like slightly smaller, but more fragrant berries of the first grade. In addition," Selechenskaya 2 "was constantly attacked by aphids, so it knocked out all of it bushes without regrets. "