Ancient white currant Versailles white is still a fairly popular variety. This is not strange, because it has a high yield, rather large berries and, in addition, it is very tasty. The country in which this variety was bred is France.
Versailles white belongs to the varieties of early ripening. From one bush you can collect about 4 kg of berries. The berries are quite large, round in shape, light yellow in color, transparent. The pulp is sweet and sour. Bushes grow medium in height, spreading. The leaves of such a currant are large. The shoots of the plant are not very strong - this is the main drawback.
White currant has a good root system. The placement of horizontal roots is quite successful - in the soil layer about 40 cm, with spread over the crown projection. Vertical ones can reach a depth of more than 1 m, but at the same time a rather large part of them grows at a shallow depth.
White currant requires a good, not very acidic soil. It preferably grows in loamy and clay soils, but if humus is added to lighter soils, it will also take root on lighter soils.
This variety is quite photophilous. Red currants are much less demanding on light than white currants. Due to the fact that the root system is quite strong, this plant is resistant to drought, but if the site is dry, you should not plant the bush in elevated places, because of this, growth may weaken, fruiting and frost resistance will decrease. At the same time, white currants do not take root on moist soil.
The composition of this variety includes proteins, carbohydrates, fats, mono- and disaccharides, pectin, organic acids, useful macronutrients and vitamins.
By the amount of vitamin C, it is not too inferior to blackcurrant. P-active substances are present in white berries. Vitamin C and P-active substances in the interaction increase immunity.
Doctors recommend using white currants to people who are allergic to colored berries and fruits. In the presence of all useful properties, there are diseases in which it is contraindicated. It is not recommended to consume the berries of Versailles white for gastritis with high acidity and peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum. With these diseases, it is better to exclude these berries from the diet altogether, since they are acidic and can provoke an exacerbation of diseases.
Whitecurrant: care features
In order for the seedlings to take root before winter time, they need to be planted in early autumn. It is not recommended to delay the landing time, start it with the onset of September.
It can be planted after winter before the buds bloom. However, there is a risk that in the spring the buds will wake up before the soil has time to ripen.
You need to plant in a sunny place that is protected from the wind. Groundwater should be located at a depth of at least 1.5 m to avoid too much moisture and lichens.
Before planting, you need to remove damaged roots from the seedlings. It is recommended to cut the shoots, leaving about 5 buds. When planting, you need to straighten the roots and put the seedling a little deeper than it grew in the old place.
This variety requires frequent fertilizer. It is advisable to do this every day. For good yields, nutrients must always be added. Older shrubs require more frequent fertilizer. At the beginning of spring, ammonium nitrate, superphosphate and potassium sulfate are introduced. Every 3 years you need to fertilize with organics. One bush requires approximately a bucket of manure. You can fertilize according to another scheme:
- in the early spring, apply only nitrogen fertilizers;
- the rest - after the appearance of the fruit.
If ash is used, the palatability of the berries will improve, and pests will be less disturbed.
The use of chlorine fertilizers is not recommended. They can be applied only in the winter.
If the bushes are poorly developed, then you need to feed them with liquid fertilizers. The first time this procedure is carried out during the flowering period, the second - after the harvest. This is very important for these plants, since with insufficient nutrition the yield is significantly reduced.
The soil on the site needs to be loosened and weeded. After all, this variety is quite sensitive to weeds. Harvest of Versailles white appears 3 years after planting. Normal fruiting begins at year 6.
Pruning and harvesting
For stable fruiting of bushes, pruning should be done regularly for a long time. Pruning is recommended to start 5 years after planting, since the first years there is an increase in green mass.
White currant has the most productive branches aged 3 to 5 years. Old branches give few fruits, so they need to be cut. External signs of such branches are that the bark is already blackened, lichens are often found on it, but it is better not to allow this stage of aging. The side shoots are usually cut, as they are the least productive, unhealthy, and those that make the bushes too thick.
Young shoots need to leave only a few of the strongest, and cut off the rest. The branches need to be cut to the base, hemp should not remain. As a result, a bush with branches of different ages will form.
The ideal time for pruning is autumn or spring. This procedure can be done after the harvest. The branches that were struck by the currant glass-box should be removed immediately after it has been discovered.
When growing, it is necessary to deal with various pests. Most often, Versailles white is affected by currant glass and gall leaf aphids.
This variety is propagated mainly by lignified cuttings.
After ripening, the berries remain on the bush for a long time, even after the leaves have fallen and small frosts appear, but they still manage to preserve excellent taste.
Harvesting is possible in one go. You need to wait until all the berries ripen. This can be determined by the following signs:
- longitudinal veins are visible on a transparent surface;
- visible seeds;
- delicate sweet and sour taste of pulp.
How to plant currants
Of white currant, you can make wine, jelly or jelly, but it is best to use it raw.