Ficus microcarp: features of selection and cultivation

Ficus microcarp: features of selection and cultivation

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Ficus microcarp - bonsai, a miniature copy of a large tree grown at home. Originally from an evergreen tree from the rainforests of South China, Northern Australia and East Asia, it can only be found in places with good constant lighting.

In the natural habitat, it reaches about 25 meters in height and forms a wide dense crown, consisting of oval leaves, pointed to the end, about 7-10 cm long. The trunk of the plant is smooth with a gray-brown bark. Ficus microcarp is an epiphyte, that is, it initially grows due to another tree, destroying it over time. This ficus got its name for miniature fruits, which are almost impossible to achieve in a normal apartment setting.

Landing and care

On the first day of the acquisition of this ornamental plant, you should find a permanent place for it, hidden from direct sunlight. In order for the flower to take root better, constant permutations should be avoided. Ficus microcarp, like any other representative of ficus, feels fine in partial shade and prefers moderate light. May grow away from the window.

Do not place the tree near the battery and in rooms with dry air. The temperature should not be higher than 25 degrees. Drafts are highly undesirable; their absence is an even more significant factor than constant temperature.

In the first few days, the ficus of the microcarp may start dropping leaves, you don’t need to get scared, as the tree is trying to adapt to new conditions. It must be constantly sprayed with water and in a month new leaves will appear. At the same time, you need to make sure that water does not in any way fall on the trunk. For best effect, you can wipe the leaves with a damp cloth. To avoid drying out, you can put a humidifier in the apartment. The soil in the pot should also be moist, otherwise the tree will simply die.

Ficus microcarp needs year-round watering, for which it is better to use room temperature water that has stood for several hours, and rainwater is also suitable. Especially carefully you need to monitor the tree in spring and summer - during these periods, overdrying is most likely. In winter and in cool rooms, the need for watering is reduced.

Soil requirements

For soil renewal, a transplant is usually used every two to three years, there is no other need for it - the ficus trunk will practically not grow. The transplant is best done in spring, using a thick layer of drainage of expanded clay or charcoal. The soil can be replaced almost completely, it should be loose and pass air well. If the roots are damaged, the ficus can throw off the leaves.

Ficus microcarp ginseng

Plant pruning

To give the crown a perfect curvaceous shape, regular cropping is required several times a year.

Here are some of the difficulties bonsai owners may encounter:

  • Dumping leaves. Usually due to improper watering, drying out, constant drafts, sudden changes in temperature.
  • The spread of dark spots on the leaves and rotting of the roots. Excessive watering of the plant and stagnation of water in the pot can lead to such consequences.
  • Defeat with a spider mite. It occurs at low humidity and too high temperature. To eliminate it, spraying with an insecticide is recommended.

Ficus microcarp is a completely unusual plant, unpretentious to the conditions of detention. It is extremely difficult to pass by such a strange tree that attracts one's eye, whose roots grow outward and strongly protrude above the surface of the soil.